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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The broad definition of regicide (Latin regis "king" + cida "killer" or cidium "killing") is the deliberate killing of a monarch, or the person responsible for the killing of a monarch. In a narrower sense, in the British tradition, it refers to the judicial execution of a king after alleged due process of law.

List of regicides

Under the definition of a regicide in common usage in England, there have been two other such events since 1649: the execution of Louis XVI of France in 1793, after sentence of death by the National Convention and Maximilian I of Mexico in 1867 by a Mexican court-martial. Since Pope Sixtus V gave his broader definition of regicide and excluding monarchs killed in battle, other regicides include:

  1. 1589 Henry III of France by Jacques Clément
  2. 1610 Henry IV of France by François Ravaillac
  3. 1622 Osman II of the Ottoman Empire by the Grand Vizier Davud Pasha
  4. 1792 Gustav III of Sweden by Jacob Johan Anckarström
  5. 1801 Emperor Paul of Russia by Count Pahlen and his accomplices
  6. 1828 Shaka King of the Zulus by his half-brother and successor Dingane and accomplices
  7. 1881 Alexander II of Russia by Ignacy Hryniewiecki, a member of Narodnaya Volya (People's Will)
  8. 1895 Min of Joseon by three mercenary killers allegedly hired by Japanese minister to Korea Miura Goro
  9. 1896 Nasser al-Din Shah, Qajar king of Persia (Iran), by Mirza Reza Kermani.
  10. 1898 Empress Elisabeth of Austria by Luigi Lucheni an insane anarchist in Geneva.
  11. 1900 Umberto I of Italy by anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  12. 1903 Alexander I of Serbia and his wife Queen Draga by a group of army officers.
  13. 1908 Carlos I of Portugal by Alfredo Costa and Manuel Buiça, both connected to the Carbonária (the Portuguese section of the Carbonari)
  14. 1913 George I of Greece by Alexandros Schinas
  15. 1918 Nicholas II of Russia and the Imperial Family executed by a Bolshevik firing squad under the command of Yakov Yurovsky.
  16. 1934 Alexander I of Yugoslavia by Vlado Chernozemski, a member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization
  17. 1946 Ananda Mahidol of Thailand. The King's death is still a mystery and may have been either regicide or suicide. The subject is never openly discussed in Thailand.
  18. 1958 Faisal II of Iraq executed by firing squad under the command of Captain Abdus Sattar As Sab, a member of the coup d'état led by Colonel Abdul Karim Qassim.
  19. 1975 Faisal of Saudi Arabia by his nephew Faisal bin Musa'id (Assassin publicly beheaded)
  20. 2001 Birendra of Nepal by his son Crown Prince Dipendra in the massacre of the Nepalese royal family; Dipendra proceeded to commit suicide without having been crowned king.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Regicide" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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