Richard Oswald  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Richard Oswald (November 5, 1880 - September 11, 1963) was an Austrian director, producer, and screenwriter, best known for Different from the Others, an early film in defense of homosexuality.

Richard Oswald, born in Vienna as Richard W. Ornstein, began his career as an actor on the Viennese stage. He made his film directorial debut at age 24 with Das Eisene Kreuz (1914). In 1916, Oswald set up his own production company in Germany, writing and directing most of the films himself. His pre-1920 efforts include such literary adaptations as The Picture of Dorian Gray (1917), Peer Gynt (1918), and Around the World in Eighty Days (1919). Oswald directed nearly 100 films. Some critics have suggested that Oswald was more prolific than talented, but such films as his 1932 horror film Unheimliche Geschichten (a.k.a. Weird Tales or Unholy Tales), produced by no less than Gabriel Pascal, would seem to refute this claim as it is viewed by some to be a forgotten classic.

Being Jewish Oswald was forced to flee Nazi Germany, first for occupied France and later immigrating to the United States. His last production was The Lovable Cheat (1949), an inexpensive but worthwhile adaptation of a Balzac story which boasted an impressive cast including Charles Ruggles, Alan Mowbray, and Buster Keaton. Oswald died in Düsseldorf in 1963.


  • 1915: Das eiserne Kreuz
  • 1915: Schlemihl
  • 1916: Hoffmanns Erzählungen
  • 1916: Das unheimliche Haus (3 Teile)
  • 1917/18: Es werde Licht! (4 Teile)
  • 1918: Der ewige Zweifel
  • 1918: Das Dreimäderlhaus
  • 1918: Dida Ibsens Geschichte
  • 1919: Prostitution (2 Teile)
  • 1919: Anders als die Andern
  • 1919: Unheimliche Geschichten
  • 1921: Lady Hamilton
  • 1922: Lucrezia Borgia
  • 1925: Halbseide
  • 1925/26: Vorderhaus und Hinterhaus
  • 1926: Im Weißen Rößl
  • 1926/27: Eine tolle Nacht
  • 1927: Feme
  • 1927: Gehetzte Frauen
  • 1927: Dr. Bessels Verwandlung
  • 1930: Alraune
  • 1930: Wien, du Stadt der Lieder
  • 1930: Dreyfus
  • 1931: 1914, die letzten Tage vor dem Weltenbrand
  • 1932: Gräfin Mariza
  • 1932: Unheimliche Geschichten
  • 1933: Die Blume von Hawaii
  • 1933: Ein Lied geht um die Welt
  • 1938: Sturm über Asien (Tempête sur l'Asie)
  • 1945: I was a criminal
  • 1949: The Lovable Cheat

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Richard Oswald" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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