Rise of nationalism in Europe  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Nationalism has been an important factor in the development of Europe, but its influence has not always been desirable. In the 18th century, a wave of romantic nationalism swept the continent of Europe transforming the countries of the continent. Some new countries, such as Germany and Italy were formed by uniting smaller states with a common "national identity". Others, such as Greece, Poland and Bulgaria, were formed by winning their independence.


1804 - Serbian revolution.

1815 - The Congress of Vienna.

1821-29 - Greek declaration of national independence and revolution against the Ottoman Empire.

1830-31 - Belgian Revolution

1830-31 - Revolution in Poland and Lithuania

1846 - Uprising in Greater Poland

1848 - Nationalist revolts in Hungary, Italy and Germany (including Polish revolt in Greater Poland).

1859-61 - Italy unified.

1863 - Polish national revolt.

1866-71 - Germany unified.

1867 - Hungary granted autonomy.

1878 - Congress of Berlin: Serbia, Romania and Montenegro granted independence, after they won the war against the Ottoman Empire.

1908 - Bulgaria becomes independent.

See also

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