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"The Rape of the Sabine Women is an episode in the legendary history of Rome in which the first generation of Roman men acquired wives for themselves from the neighboring Sabine families. (In this context, rape means abductionraptio — rather than its prevalent modern meaning of sexual violation)."--Sholem Stein

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Sabines (Latin Sabini, singular Sabinus) were an Italic tribe that lived in ancient Italy, inhabiting Latium before the founding of Rome. Their language belonged to the Sabellic subgroup of Italic languages and shows some similarities to Oscan and Umbrian. Studies have found many relationships between the Romans and the Sabines, especially in the fields of religion and mythology. In fact, many Sabine deities and cults developed in Rome, and many areas of the town (like the Quirinale) had once served as Sabine centers.

Latin-speakers called the Sabines' original territory, straddling the modern regions of Lazio, Umbria, and Abruzzo, Sabinium. To this day, it bears the ancient tribe's name in the Italian form of Sabina. Within the modern region of Lazio (or Latium), Sabina constitutes a sub-region, situated north-east of Rome, around Rieti. It has become a tourist destination, known for its interesting medieval villages and its production of olive oil.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Sabines" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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