Samuel Fischer  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The German publishing house S. Fischer Verlag (today in Frankfurt am Main) was founded in 1886 by Samuel Fischer in Berlin and is a leading German address for literary publications and fiction.

Originally, it was renowned for naturalism literature. Famous authors include Gerhart Hauptmann and Thomas Mann, both awarded the Nobel prize in literature.

After the Nazis came to power in Germany, the family of owner Gottfried Bermann-Fischer fled and founded a branch of their publishing house in Vienna. Those who remained in Berlin kept the official name "S. Fischer Verlag" and were led by Peter Suhrkamp.

After the Second World War, some disputes arose over the future of the publishing house between Suhrkamp and Fischer. This led to an out of court agreement. Bermann-Fischer received from Peter Suhrkamp the publishing house back. Suhrkamp separated from Fischer and founded his own Suhrkamp publishing house. It was decided that the authors of Fischer could choose which publishing house they wanted to be published by in future, and so 33 of the 48 authors—among them Bertolt Brecht and Hermann Hesse—decided to change to Suhrkamp.

Today the S. Fischer Verlag, as well as other publishers, such as Kindler, Rowohlt, and Kiepenheuer & Witsch and Metzler, are part of Holtzbrinck, a publishing group. Holtzbrinck bought S. Fischer in 1963.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Samuel Fischer" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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