Sham  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
  1. Intended to deceive; false.
    It was only a sham wedding: they didn't care much for one another but wanted their parents to stop hassling them.
  2. counterfeit; unreal
    • Jowett
      They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians.

Contents

Synonyms

Antonyms

Sham may refer to:

Arabic use

  • Al-Sham, endonym of the region bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea, usually known as the Levant or the region of Syria: Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Cyprus and the Turkish Hatay Province
    • Bilad al-Sham, the Caliphate province of the same region
    • ash-Shām, or Sham (الشام), another name for Damascus, one of the largest cities in the region
    • Jund al-Sham, militant group based in Afghanistan, meaning "Army of Syria"
  • Sham el-Nessim, Egyptian holiday marking the beginning of spring
  • Sham, or Alsahm, the Arabic name for the star Alpha Sagittae

English use

  • Fraud
  • Hoax
  • Placebo, any drug, surgery, or other treatment with intentional (and usually blinded) lack of efficacy
    • Sham drug as a placebo used in a single- or double-blinded control group of experiments (see treatment and control groups)
    • Sham surgery, surgery omitting the therapeutic component, performed in the single-blinded control group of experiments
  • Name of a person or group of people
    • Sam the Sham (born 1937), stage name of U.S. rock singer Domingo “Sam” Samudio
    • Sham, nickname of Art Shamsky (born 1941), American Major League Baseball outfielder and Israel Baseball League manager
    • Sham 69, English punk band
  • Title of a work of art
    • Sham (film), a lost 1921 silent film based on a Broadway play starring Ethel Clayton
    • Sham (play), a 1920 one-act stage play by Frank G. Tompkins
  • Other uses

Chinese use

Other uses

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Sham" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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