Social connection  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Social connectedness is the measure of how people come together and interact. At an individual level, social connectedness involves the quality and number of connections one has with other people in a social circle of family, friends, and acquaintances. Going beyond these individual-level concepts, it involves relationships with beyond one's social circles and even to other communities. This connectedness, one of several components of community cohesion, provides benefits to both individuals and society.

Population based surveys sometimes use quantitative questions to help understand the level of social connectedness in communities.


There are six components that have been shown to help a person determine the quality of his interactions and psychological-defined social connectedness with others:

  • Duration of relationship
  • Frequency of interaction with the other person
  • Knowledge of the other person's goals
  • Physical intimacy or closeness with the other person
  • Self-disclosure to the other person
  • Social network familiarity—how familiar is the other person with the rest of your social circle

A scale called the Personal Acquaintance Measure has been developed to help a person measure their connectedness with another individual.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Social connection" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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