Sophos kagathos  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Sophos kagathos (σοφός καὶ ἀγαθός) is a phrase coined by Plato, which literally means "wise and good" in Greek. The Athenians used this phrase to describe the qualities of an honest man.

Plato apparently derived this phrase from an earlier "kalos kagathos"—literally, "beautiful and good." The Greeks believed that external beauty (kalos) was associated with inner beauty, morality and virtue, suggesting that a beautiful face was the outward expression of a beautiful soul. To avoid this association, which often led to confusion, Plato reinvented the expression as "sophos kagathos" separating external beauty from the beauty of the soul.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Sophos kagathos" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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