St. Jerome in His Study (Antonello da Messina)  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

St. Jerome in His Study is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Antonello da Messina, thought to have been completed around 1460-1475. It is currently housed in the National Gallery, London.

The picture was painted by Antonello during his Venetian sojourn, and was property of Antonio Pasqualino.

Description

The small picture portrays St. Jerome working in his studio, a room without walls and ceiling seen from a kind of triumphal arch (probably within some church of Aragonese style). As in several other works by the Messinese painter, the main scene is accompanied by a host of details, that have point of contacts with the contemporary Flemish school: books, animals, objects, all painted with a magnificent taste for details and "optical truth".

The scene is devised such that the light rays coincide with the perspective axes, centering on the saints's bust and hands. A Mediterranean landscape is hinted at through the windows opening on both sides of the study. Animals include a partridge (alectoris graeca) and a peacock, in the foreground, both having symbolical meanings, a cat and a mysterious lion in the shade on the right.

Symbolism

Antonello uses many symbols throughout the painting. The book he is reading represents knowledge. The books surrounding St. Jerome refer to his translation of the Bible into Latin, the Vulgate. The lion in the shadows to the right of the saint is from a story where St. Jerome pulls a thorn out of a lion's paws. In gratitude, the lion follows St. Jerome around for the rest of his life, like a house cat. The peacock and partridge have no importance to the story of St. Jerome. However, the peacock more generally symbolizes immortality.





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "St. Jerome in His Study (Antonello da Messina)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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