Substantial form  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

A theory of substantial forms asserts that there are things called forms (or ideas), and that they are what organize matter and make it intelligible. Substantial forms are the source of order, unity, and identity of objects.

The idea of substantial forms dominates ancient Greek philosophy and medieval philosophy, but has fallen out of favour in modern philosophy. The idea of substantial forms has been abandoned for a mechanical, or “bottom-up” theory of organization.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Substantial form" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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