Surrealism in literature  

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“Everything leads us to believe that there is a certain state of mind from which life and death, the real and the imaginary, past and future, the communicable and the incommunicable, height and depth are no longer perceived as contradictory.”– André Breton, Second Manifesto of Surrealism (1929)

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Although not commonly regarded as a literary movement, Surrealism was given its first impulse in the late 1910s by literati Guillaume Apollinaire and André Breton, so from the onset, the movement was literary by its very nature. The importance of literature to the movement was further stressed by Breton's Anthology of Black Humor.

Examples of surrealist novels include de Chirico's Hebdomeros (1929), René Crevel's Mr. Knife Miss Fork (1931) and Louis Aragon's Irene's Cunt (1927).


Precursors include Arthur Rimbaud, Comte de Lautréamont and Raymond Roussel.


André Breton - Marcel Duchamp - de Chirico - Robert Desnos - Raymond Queneau - Michel Leiris - Peret - Jacques Prévert

See also

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