Synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Related e

Google
Wikipedia
Wiktionary
Wiki Commons
Wikiquote
Wikisource
YouTube
Shop


Featured:
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Enlarge
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures gives a rough picture of the relationships between the various principal cultures of prehistory outside the Americas, Antarctica, Australia and Oceania. It also serves as an index of the broad features of that prehistory to be followed through links to articles.

Table

The Principal prehistoric cultures of the Old World
Period & Climate Western Europe Central Europe
and Eastern Europe
North Africa,
West Africa and Sahara
Central Africa,
South and East Africa
Middle East South Asia, and
Central Asia
East Asia and South-East Asia
1000 Before Present (BP)



(Middle Ages) (Middle Ages) (Caliphate) (Sahelian kingdoms) Mapungubwe (Caliphate) (Middle Kingdoms) (Song Dynasty)
2000 BP



Iron Age Iron Age (Ancient North Africa) Bantu expansion (Classical Antiquity) (Mauryan Empire) (Zhou Dynasty)
3000 BP




Bronze Age

Bronze Age Copper Age in Niger


Bantu expansion
Late Bronze Age
Early Iron Age
development of
Indian Iron Age
Chinese Bronze Age
4000 BP




Bell beaker
Chalcolithic
corded ceramic


domestication of the horse
Neolithic of Tichit

Tenerean
Middle Bronze Age (Sumer) Indus Valley civilisation

writing
Chinese Neolithic
of Longshan
5000 BP





enclosed villages

first megaliths


Chalcolithic
of Central Europe
Beginning of the Hunter-gatherer art
of South Africa
Early Bronze Age Regionalization Era
6000 BP







Lower Neolithic

Danubian Neolithic

Mediterranean
and Egyptian Neolithic
Beginning of Neolithic in East Africa Uruk period
Chalcolithic
(copper metallurgy)
Mehrgarh Neolithic
of Yang-Shao
rice-growing (?)
7000 BP




Cardial and Linear Pottery
(agriculture, stock-rearing, Pottery)

Tardenoisian
cultures
Starčevo and Vinča culture

agriculture, stock-rearing (pigs, bovine, sheep)
Neolithic of the Sahara/Sahel

Ubaid period
ceramic Cyprus

Mehrgarh
8000 BP







Sauveterrian cultures
(gathering of legumes)
Neolithic in Greece
and the Eastern Mediterranean
Sesklo and Choirokoitia
Neolithic with ceramic
Ubaid period
Mehrgarh Neolithic of northern China

9000 BP







Backed point
culture
Wiltonian Pre-ceramic B
Pre-ceramic A
Neolithic in Turkey
(wheat, barley)
hunter gatherers
of Jōmon (ancient Japan)
10,000 BP





Azilian

and Asiloid cultures
Capsian Goats domestication Zagros in Iran

First towns Near East at Aşıklı Höyük and Jericho
Hoabinhian of Southeast Asia
11,000 BP







Mezine
Kostienki

Magosian


Natufian


Kandivili

12,000 BP Holocene began
glacial ended (12,000 BP)

glacial at its coldest (20,000 BP)
Magdalenian
Solutrean
Epigravettian


Epigravettian

Ibero-Maurisian
Mushabian
Sebilian
Lupemban culture



Kebarian
Athlitian

pre-Jōmon ceramic (Japan)
20,000 BP






Gravettian

Aurignacian (art)


Pavlovian

Aurignacian (art)


Antelian

Aurignacian (art)
Sơn Vi culture (northern Vietnam)
30,000 BP

Châtelperronian
Homo neanderthalensis, Homo sapiens


Szeletian



Aterian


Stillbay






Balangoda
Angara culture


Sen-Doki
40,000 BP




Homo neanderthalensis, Homo sapiens Emirian


Jabroudian
50,000 BP



Mousterian
(earliest graves)
Homo neanderthalensis


Mousterian
Homo neanderthalensis



Mousterian
Homo neanderthalensis


Fauresmithian
Homo sapiens

Mousterian

Homo neanderthalensis




Soanian



Ngandong
culture
80,000 BP



latest glacial began (95,000 BP)

Homo neanderthalensis

Micoquien
Homo neanderthalensis
Homo neanderthalensis

Micoquien
Mousteroid
Homo sapiens


Homo neanderthalensis

Ordos
culture

100,000 BP


glacial ended (130,000 BP)



Upper Acheulean
Homo neanderthalensis



Upper Acheulean
Homo neanderthalensis


Homo neanderthalensis Sangoan
Homo sapiens



Homo neanderthalensis

Acheulean

Soanian


Fen Culture
200,000 BP
glacial began (350,000 BP)

Homo neanderthalensis


Tayacian


Homo neanderthalensis
Homo neanderthalensis

Acheulean



Homo sapiens

Acheulean



Homo neanderthalensis


Acheulean

300,000 BP





middle Acheulean
Homo neanderthalensis


Clactonian

middle Acheulean
Homo neanderthalensis






Pre-Soanian
500,000 BP




Lower Acheulean
Homo heidelbergensis
Homo neanderthalensis


worked pebbles
Lower Acheulean
Homo heidelbergensis
Homo neanderthalensis


worked pebbles




Lower Acheulean
Homo neanderthalensis Padjitanian
Homo erectus pekinensis



1,000,000 BP




worked pebbles
Homo antecessor



worked pebbles





Homo erectus
worked pebbles


lower Acheulean


Oldowan


worked pebbles


2,000,000 BP


Homo habilis, Homo ergaster

See also





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Synoptic table of the principal old world prehistoric cultures" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools