La Dame aux Camélias  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Lady of the Camellias (French: La Dame aux camélias) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, fils, first published in 1848.

Adapted for the stage, La Dame aux camélias premiered at the Theatre de Vaudeville in Paris, France on February 2, 1852. An instant success, Giuseppe Verdi immediately set about to put the story to music. His work became the 1853 opera La Traviata with the female protagonist "Marguerite Gautier" renamed "Violetta Valéry".

In the English-speaking world, La Dame aux Camélias became known as Camille and sixteen versions have been performed at Broadway theatres alone. The Lady of the Camellias is "Marguerite Gautier" who is based on Marie Duplessis, the real life lover of author Dumas, fils.

It was adapted as an erotic film by Radley Metzger as Camille 2000 (1969).

Contents

Stage performances

Since its debut as a play, numerous editions have been performed at theatres around the world. The role of the tragic "Marguerite Gautier" became one of the most coveted amongst actresses and includes performances by Lillian Gish, Eleonora Duse, Margaret Anglin, Gabrielle Réjane, Tallulah Bankhead, Eva Le Gallienne, Isabelle Adjani, plus Sarah Bernhardt who played the role in a 1912 film and on the stage in Paris, London and in several Broadway revivals.

Film adaptations

In addition to inspiring La Traviata, The Lady of the Camellias has been adapted for approximately twenty different motion pictures in numerous countries and in a wide variety of languages. The role of "Marguerite Gautier" has been played on screen by Sarah Bernhardt, Clara Kimball Young, Theda Bara, Yvonne Printemps, Alla Nazimova, Greta Garbo, Micheline Presle, Francesca Bertini, Isabelle Huppert and others.

Films entitled Camille

Main article: Camille (film)

To date, there have been at least eight adaptations of The Lady of the Camellias entitled Camille.

Other films based on La Dame aux Camélias

In addition to the Camille films, the story has been the adapted into numerous other screen versions:

The story also partly inspired the plot of the movies Pretty Woman and Moulin Rouge!.

Storyline / Content

It is a story of a young man who has an affair with a courtesan, Marguerite. His father ends the affair, and Marguerite dies of tuberculosis.


ACT I—PARIS

He—You are sick. I love you.

She—Don't. You can't afford it.

ACT II—PARIS

She—I love you.An idea! Let us fly to the country.

He—Yes! Some months at the countryside to live our love.

ACT III—THE COUNTRY

His Father—You ruin my son! Leave him.

She—He loves me.

His Father—You are a good woman. I respect you. Leave him.

She—I go.

ACT IV—PARIS

She—You again? I never loved you.

He—Fly with me, or I die.

She—I love you; but good-bye now.

ACT V—PARIS

She—(Very sick.) Is it you? Is God so good?

He—Pardon me. My father sent me.

She—I pardon you. I love you. I die. [Dies. Tears. Sensation. Curtain.]

La Dame aux camélias a pour thème une histoire d’amour entre une courtisane atteinte de phtisie, Marguerite Gautier, et un jeune bourgeois, Armand Duval. La narration de cette histoire d’amour constitue un récit dans le récit, puisqu’Armand Duval raconte son aventure au narrateur initial du roman.

Amoureux de Marguerite, Armand devient son amant et obtient que Marguerite renonce à sa vie de courtisane pour habiter avec lui à la campagne. L’idylle est rompue par le père d’Armand, qui obtient que Marguerite renonce à Armand, lequel va croire jusqu’à la mort de Marguerite que celle-ci l’avait trompé. La mort de Marguerite, victime de la « phtisie », est décrite comme une agonie sans fin, où Marguerite, abandonnée par tous, ne peut que regretter ce qui aurait pu être.

La passion outrepasse la raison, mais à la différence du chevalier Des Grieux, autre amant livré aux affres d’un amour pour une « courtisane dans l’âme » dans Manon Lescaut, ouvrage auquel Dumas fait référence dans son propre roman, Armand aimera une femme toute prête à lui sacrifier sa richesse et son train de vie.

Dumas s’attache à rendre Marguerite sympathique et presque vertueuse malgré son passé. Alliance illégitime, cet amour touche le lecteur qui ne peut rester insensible à la souffrance réciproque des deux amants, contraints à se ranger du côté de la norme.

Le roman est surtout marquant par le portrait saisissant qu’il fait de cette vie parisienne mondaine du Template:XIXe siècle, et du caractère fragile et éphémère du monde des courtisanes.


See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "La Dame aux Camélias" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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