Tibor Kalman  

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Tibor Kalman (July 6, 1949May 2, 1999) was an influential American graphic designer of Hungarian origin, well-known for his work as editor-in-chief of Colors magazine.

Kalman was born in Budapest and became a U.S. resident in 1956, after he and his family fled Hungary to escape the Soviet invasion. He later attended NYU, dropping out after one year of Journalism classes. In the 1970s Kalman worked at a small New York City bookstore that eventually became Barnes & Noble. He later became the supervisor of their in-house design department. In 1979 Kalman, Carol Bokuniewicz, and Liz Trovato started the design firm M&Co, which did corporate work for such diverse clients as the Limited Corporation, the New Wave music group Talking Heads, and Restaurant Florent in New York City's Meatpacking District. Kalman also worked as creative director of Interview magazine in the early 1990s.

Kalman became founding editor-in-chief of the Benetton-sponsored Colors magazine in 1990. In 1993, Kalman closed M&Co and moved to Rome, to work exclusively on the magazine. Billed as 'a magazine about the rest of the world', Colors focused on multiculturalism and global awareness. This perspective was communicated through bold graphic design, typography, and juxtaposition of photographs and doctored images, including a series in which highly recognizable figures such as the Pope and Queen Elizabeth were depicted as racial minorities. Kalman remained the main creative force behind Colors, until the onset non-Hodgkins lymphoma forced him to leave in 1995, and return to New York.

In 1997, Kalman re-opened M&Co and continued to work until his death in 1999, in Puerto Rico, shortly before a retrospective of his graphic design work, entitled Tiborocity opened its U.S. tour at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. A book about Kalman and M&Co's work, Tibor Kalman: Perverse Optimist, was published by Princeton Architectural Press in 1999.

Today, the influence of M&Co is still strong, both as a result of its work and that of the many designers, like Stefan Sagmeister, who worked there and went on to start their own design studios, also in New York City. Tibor Kálmán was a member of Alliance Graphique International (AGI). Until his death (1999), Mr. Kalman was married to the illustrator and author Maira Kalman.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Tibor Kalman" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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