Timeline of science fiction  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

This is a timeline of major events related to the evolution and development of science fiction as a literary tradition.

Contents

1500s

Year Event Literary History Historical Events
1516

1600s

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thumb|225px|Kircher's magnetic clock.

Year Event Literary History Historical Events
1619
1623
1627
1634
1638
1656
1666
1686

1700s

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1741
1752
1765
1771
1780
  • The Passage from the North to the South Pole is published anonymously in France.<ref name="Stableford_p17" />

1800s

Template:Infobox book

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Year Event Literary history Historical events
1805
  • Napoleon becomes First Consul of France in 1800 and then Emperor of France in 1804.<ref name=SF_encyc_36>Template:Cite book</ref>
1818
  • Jane Austen dies in 1817.<ref name=SF_encyc_36 />
  • Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo in 1815. United States buys Florida from Spain in 1819.<ref name=SF_encyc_36 />
1826
1827
1835
1839
1848
1851
1859
1863
1864
1865
  • American Civil War is fought from 1861-1865. It introduces mechanized warfare.<ref name=SF_encyc_37 />
1868
1870
1871
1872
1886
1887
  • Camille Flammarion publishes Lumen.<ref name=CambridgeCompanion2003_pxx />
  • W. H. Hudson publishes A Crystal Age.<ref name=CambridgeCompanion2003_pxx />
1888
1889
1890
1893
1895
1896
1897
1898

1900s

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1900
1901
1903
  • The Wright brothers usher in the era of heavier than air flight with their successful flight of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
  • The Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, break away from the Mensheviks.<ref name=SF_encyc_42 />
1905
1907
  • The first helicopter, designed by Paul Cornu, flies for 20 seconds.
  • Leo Baekeland invents Bakelite, the first commercially produced plastic.
  • The Lusitania launches for the first time.<ref name=SF_encyc_43 />
1909
  • Ezra Pound publishes Evolutions<ref name=SF_encyc_43 />

1910s

Template:Infobox book

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
  • Gustav Meyrink publishes The Green Face in Austria.<ref name=SF_encyc_47 />
  • The film Homonculus depicts an artificial being devoid of a motivating spirit.<ref name=SF_encyc_47 />
  • Otto Witt launches Hugin, widely considered the first true science fiction magazine.<ref name=SF_encyc_47 />
1917
1918
1919

1920s

Template:Infobox book

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1920
1921
1922
1923
  • The United States continues its policy of isolationism.<ref name=SF_encyc_50 />
  • Inflation explodes in Germany.<ref name=SF_encyc_50 />
  • Mustafa Kemal is elected President of Turkey.<ref name=SF_encyc_50 />
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929

1930s

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1930
1931
1932
1933
  • Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.<ref name=SF_encyc_56 />
  • The Hitler Youth is formed in Germany.<ref name=SF_encyc_56 />
  • Germany and Japan withdraw from the League of Nations.<ref name=SF_encyc_56 />
1934
1935
  • Germany strips is Jewish citizens of their citizenship.<ref name=SF_encyc_57 />
  • The Dust Bowl strikes the middle of North America.<ref name=SF_encyc_57 />
1936
1937
  • The Spanish Civil War erupts.<ref name=SF_encyc_57 />
  • Germany aligns with Benito Mussolini.<ref name=SF_encyc_57 />
  • Germany occupies the Rhineland.<ref name=SF_encyc_57 />
1938
  • Germany annexes Austria.<ref name=SF_encyc_57 />
  • Germany occupies the Sudetenland.<ref name=SF_encyc_57 />
1939

1940s

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1940
  • Paris falls to the Germany army.<ref name=SF_encyc_64 />
  • Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico by Russian agents.<ref name=SF_encyc_64 />
  • Walt Disney makes Fantasia.<ref name=SF_encyc_64 />
1941
1942
1943
  • Heavily armed German forces occupy the Warsaw Ghetto.<ref name=SF_encyc_64 />
1944
1945
  • The dropping of Atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima end World War II and usher in the nuclear era.<ref name=SF_encyc_65 />
1946
  • ENIAC, the world's first electronic computer, is built.<ref name=SF_encyc_65 />
1947
1948
1949

1950s

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1950
1951
  • The Festival of Britain exhibition celebrates innovative British architecture, scientific discoveries, technology, and industrial design.<ref name=SF_encyc_68 />
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
  • Terra, a new series of science fiction publications, is launched in Germany.<ref name=SF_encyc_69 />
  • Galaxis is founded in Germany.<ref name=SF_encyc_69 />
1958
1959

1960s

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1960
  • The first weather satellite is launched.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
  • The Concorde begins to take shape on the drawing boards.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
1961
  • Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to orbit the Earth.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
  • Rudolf Nureyev defects to the West.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
  • The Berlin Wall is constructed, separating West Berlin from East Berlin.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
1962
  • Telstar broadcasts the first live transatlantic pictures.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
1963
  • President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
  • British politician John Profumo is caught in a sex scandal.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
  • The Soviet Union launches the first woman into orbit.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
1964
  • Nelson Mandela is imprisoned in South Africa.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
  • The Soviet Union launches Zond 2 to the Moon.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
  • The United States launches Mariner 4 to the Moon.<ref name=SF_encyc_72 />
1965
1966
  • The Cultural Revolution begins in China.<ref name=SF_encyc_73 />
  • The Soviet Luna 9 and American Surveyor 1 space probes successfully land on the Moon.<ref name=SF_encyc_73 />
1967
  • Israe] goes to war with neighboring Arab states in the Six-Day War.<ref name=SF_encyc_73 />
  • The Concorde project is revealed to the world.<ref name=SF_encyc_73 />
1968
1969

1970s

Year Event Literary history Historical events
1970
  • Allen Lane, the mastermind behind mass market paperbacks, dies.<ref name=SF_encyc_78 />
1971
  • Great Britain adopts the decimal system.<ref name=SF_encyc_78 />
  • The Soyuz spacecraft docks with the Salyut space station for the first time. The cosmonauts do not survive re-entry.<ref name=SF_encyc_78 />
1972
1973
  • The Vietnam War ends.<ref name=SF_encyc_78 />
  • Skylab's first crew arrives at the station.<ref name=SF_encyc_78 />
  • Political tensions in the Middle East cause oil prices to skyrocket 70%.<ref name=SF_encyc_78 />
1974
  • Richard Nixon resigns as U.S. President.<ref name=SF_encyc_78 />
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
  • Three Mile Island releases radioactive gas into the surrounding countryside.<ref name=SF_encyc_79 />
  • Margaret Thatcher becomes the British Prime Minister.<ref name=SF_encyc_79 />

1980s

Year Event Literary History Historical Events
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
  • Ronald Reagan travels to the Soviet Union and signs a major agreement to reduce the United States and Russia's nuclear arsenals.<ref name=SF_encyc_87 />
1989
  • The Berlin Wall is torn down.<ref name=SF_encyc_87 />

1990s

Year Event Literary History Historical Events
1990
  • Nelson Mandela is released from prison after 27 years of captivity.<ref name=SF_encyc_92 />
  • Boris Yeltsin is elected President of Russia.<ref name=SF_encyc_92 />
  • Iraq invades Kuwait.<ref name=SF_encyc_92 />
  • East and West Germany are reunited.<ref name=SF_encyc_92 />
  • The Channel Tunnel workers digging from both ends meet in the middle.<ref name=SF_encyc_92 />
1991
1992
1993
1994
  • Multiracial elections are held for the first time in South Africa.<ref name=SF_encyc_93 />
  • Civil war breaks out in Rwanda.<ref name=SF_encyc_93 />
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2000s

Year Event Literary History Historical Events
2000
2001
2002

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Timeline of science fiction" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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