Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League  

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The Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) is an international self-help organization founded by Marcus Garvey. It was originally chartered under the name "Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation Association and African Communities League" (the word "Conservation" later removed) in Jamaica on August 1, 1914. The organization is also known as the UNIA-ACL or simply the UNIA.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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