Valori plastici  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Valori plastici (meaning Plastic Values in English) was an Italian magazine published in Rome in Italian and French. The magazines existed between 1918 and 1922.

History and profile

Valori plastici was established in Rome by the painter and art collector Mario Broglio (1891-1948) in 1918. He also edited the magazine which focused on aesthetic ideals and metaphysical artwork. It supported the art movement Return to order so as to create a change of direction from the extreme avant-garde art of the years up to 1918, taking its inspiration from traditional art instead.

The term "return to order" to describe this renewed interest in tradition is said to derive from Le rappel a l'ordre, a book of essays by the poet and artist Jean Cocteau published in 1926. The movement itself was a reaction to the War. Cubism was abandoned even by its creators, Braque and Picasso, and Futurism, which had praised machinery, violence and war, was rejected by most of its followers. The return to order was associated with a revival of classicism and realistic painting.

The magazine theorised the retrieval of national and Italic values, as promoted by the cultural policies of fascism, but also looking at wider horizons within Europe and using a vivid artistic dialectics with a return to a classic figurative source.

Alberto Savinio, in the 1st issue of Valori plastici on 15 November 1918, announced a programme of total individualistic, anti-futurist and anti-Bolshevik restoration. In his first article of April–May 1919, entitled Anadioménon, Savinio expounds the intellective and enigmatically atemporal intuition which animates the world of this new "metaphysical classicism".

The Savinian principles on metaphysical poetics are applied to painting by Giorgio de Chirico, by Carlo Carrà and Giorgio Morandi.

Although terminating its publication in 1921, the ideas of Valori plastici will spread outside Italy with the Return to order movement and helps in understanding the parallel histories of Futurism with poet and playwright Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, and that of Symbolism with Giovanni Pascoli and Decadentism with Gabriele D'Annunzio.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Valori plastici" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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