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"Frederick Copleston notes that Schopenhauer's philosophy bears some resemblance to the most prominent form of Vedanta, Advaita [...] That he is acquainted with Advaita teaching seems clear from his reference in the Manuscript Remains to Windischmann's Sancara sive de Theologia Vedanticorum a book also listed by Grisebach in his catalogue of titles in Schopenhauer's posthumous library."--The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer (1999) by Christopher Janaway

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Vedanta was originally a word used as a synonym for that part of the Veda known also as the Upanishads. The name is a sandhied form of Veda-anta = "Veda-end" = "the appendix to the Vedas". By the 8th century CE, the word also came to be used to describe a group of philosophical traditions concerned with the self-realisation by which one understands the ultimate nature of reality (Brahman). The word Vedanta teaches that the believer's goal is to transcend the limitations of self-identity. Vedanta is not restricted or confined to one book and there is no sole source for Vedantic philosophy.

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