Venetian painting  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Venetian School in art was a distinct "school" or tradition within Italian painting from the 14th century until the 18th based in the area of the Republic of Venice.


In the 15th century Venetian painting developed through influences from the Paduan School and Antonello da Messina, who introduced the oil painting technique of Early Netherlandish painting. It is typified by a warm colour scale and a picturesque use of colour. Among the leading early masters were the Bellini and Vivarini families, followed by Giorgione and Titian, then Tintoretto and Veronese. By about 1500 Venetian Renaissance painting was the most important school in Italy, along with that of Florence, and sought after by collectors across Europe. In the 18th century Venetian painting had a final flowering in Tiepolo's decorative painting and Canaletto's and Guardi's panoramic views. But these are merely a few of the most outstanding in a great number of artists in the Venetian tradition, many originally from outside the Republic's territory. The extinction of the Republic by French Revolutionary armies in 1797 effectively brought the distinctive Venetian style to an end; it had at least arguably outlasted its rival Florence in that respect.


A very different Cretan school of painting flourished in Crete during the island's rule by Venice from the 13th century to 1669.

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