Venus, Mars and Vulcan  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
The Loves of the Gods

In Greco-Roman mythology, Venus, Mars and Vulcan are the protagonists of a famous love triangle. Venus (Aphrodite) had a long-standing love affair with Mars (Ares), despite her marriage with Vulcan (Hephaestus).

Venus had been forced to marry Vulcan, but she did not love him because of his deformity and general unsightliness.

Venus and Mars are said to have begotten Eros, Phobos and Deimos.

Full story

Vulcan was given Venus’s hand in marriage by Zeus in order to prevent conflict over her between the other gods.

So Vulcan marries Venus, but she does not love him because he is deformed and ugly and, as a result, cheats on him with Mars.

Eventually, Vulcan found out about Venus’s promiscuity from Helios, the all-seeing Sun, and planned a trap for them during one of their trysts. While Venus and Mars lay together in bed, Vulcan ensnared them in an unbreakable chain-link net so small as to be invisible and dragged them to Mount Olympus to shame them in front of the other gods for retribution.

However, the gods laughed at the sight of these naked lovers and Poseidon persuaded Vulcan to free them in return for a guarantee that Mars would pay the adulterer's fine. Vulcan states in the Odyssey that he would return Venus to her father and demand back his bride price: this is the one episode that links them.

The Thebans told that the union of Mars and Venus produced Harmonia, as lovely as a second Venus. But of her union with Vulcan, there was no issue, unless Virgil was serious when he said that Eros was their child. Later authors might explain this statement when they say the love-god was fathered by Mars but passed off to Vulcan as his own son.

In art

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Venus, Mars and Vulcan" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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