Weimar Classicism  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Weimar Classicism (GermanWeimarer Klassik” and “Weimarer Klassizismus”) is a cultural and literary movement of Europe, and its central ideas were originally propounded by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller during the period 1788–1832.

Although Weimar Classicism's status as a "movement" and "classical" has been questioned by some scholars and historians, notably those outside Germany, its growing, immediate importance has precipitated greater awareness of it within academia and within German scholarship. Since contemporaries seldom adopted Goethe and Schiller's particular views on the “classical” it has been remarked these were possibly "premature" in development; it is, notwithstanding, plain that their efforts made profound and lasting contributions in such areas as philosophy, science, psychology, art, literature, and aesthetics.


Primary works of the period

Christoph Martin Wieland

Johann Gottfried Herder

Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe

Friedrich (von) Schiller

By Goethe and Schiller both in collaboration

  • Die Horen (edited by Schiller, periodical, 1795–96)
  • Musenalmanach (editorship, many contributions, 1796–97)
  • Xenien (poems, 1796)
  • Almanach (editorship, mane contributions, 1798–00)
  • Propyläen (periodical, 1798–01)

See also: works by Herder, works by Goethe, and works by Schiller.

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