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The cardinal number occurring before one and that denotes no quantity or amount at all, represented in Arabic numerals as 0.

The rules governing the use of zero appeared for the first time in Brahmagupta's Brahmasputha Siddhanta (7th century). This work considers not only zero, but also negative numbers and the algebraic rules for the elementary operations of arithmetic with such numbers. In some instances, his rules differ from the modern standard, specifically the definition of the value of zero divided by zero as zero.


From French zéro, from Italian zero, from Medieval Latin zephirum, from Arabic صفر (ṣifr, “nothing, cipher”).


See also

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