From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
1609 (MDCIX) is the 609th year of the 2nd millennium, the 9th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1600s decade.
Art and culture
- March – Hugo Grotius publishes Mare Liberum, his legal text on freedom of the seas, in Leiden.
- April 9 – Treaty of Antwerp: The Netherlands and Spain agree to the Twelve Years' Truce (1609–1621) in the Eighty Years' War, allowing the Dutch East India Company to trade within the Spanish Empire.
- September 11 – Valencia expels all the Moriscos (see April 4).
- May 20 – London publisher Thomas Thorpe issues Shake-speares Sonnets, with a dedication to "Mr. W.H.", and the poem A Lover's Complaint appended; it is uncertain whether this publication has Shakespeare's authority.
- October 12 – A version of the rhyme Three Blind Mice is published in London.
- February 10 - John Suckling, English poet (d. 1642)
- October 5 – Paul Fleming, German physician and poet (d. 1640)
- October 19 – Gerrard Winstanley, English Protestant religious reformer (d. 1676)
- November 25 – Henrietta Maria of France, queen of Charles I of England (d. 1669)
- January 21 – Joseph Justus Scaliger, French Protestant scholar (b. 1540)
- July 15 – Annibale Carracci, Italian Baroque painter (b. 1560)
- July 20 – Federico Zuccari, Italian painter (b. 1543)