Accademia della Crusca
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Accademia della Crusca (Academy of the bran) is an Italian society for scholars and Italian linguists and philologists established in Florence. After the Accademia Cosentina, it is the oldest Italian academy still in existence.
The Accademia was founded in Florence in 1583 and has always been characterized by its efforts to maintain the purity of the Italian language. Crusca means "bran" in Italian, which conveys the metaphor that its work is similar to winnowing. In 1612, the Accademia published the first edition of its Dictionary: the Vocabolario della lingua italiana, which also served as the model for similar works in French, Spanish, German, and English.
The academy was asked to join the European Federation of National Linguistic Institutes, a body convened to develop a joint policy to protect the purity of national languages. The Federation has two Italian members: the Accademia della Crusca and the Opera del Vocabolario Italiano del CNR (an initiative launched by the CNR with the collaboration of the Accademia della Crusca).