Slavery in Africa
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"The African continent was bled of its human resources via all possible routes. Across the Sahara, through the Red Sea, from the Indian Ocean ports and across the Atlantic. At least ten centuries of slavery for the benefit of the Muslim countries (from the ninth to the nineteenth)." He continues: "Four million slaves exported via the Red Sea, another four million through the Swahili ports of the Indian Ocean, perhaps as many as nine million along the trans-Saharan caravan route, and eleven to twenty million (depending on the author) across the Atlantic Ocean"--Elikia M’bokolo, April 1998, Le Monde diplomatique
Slavery in Africa has existed throughout the continent for many centuries, and still continues in the current day in some countries.
Systems of servitude and slavery were common in parts of the continent, as they were in much of the ancient world. In most African societies where slavery was prevalent, the enslaved people were not treated as chattel slaves and were given certain rights in a system similar to indentured servitude elsewhere in the world. When the Arab slave trade and Atlantic slave trade began, many of the local slave systems changed and began supplying captives for slave markets outside of Africa.
Slavery in historical Africa was practiced in many different forms: Debt slavery, enslavement of war captives, military slavery, and criminal slavery were all practiced in various parts of Africa.
- Les Esclaves oubliés (France, 2008) is a documentary by Antoine Vitkine
- Cudjoe Lewis purported to be last African-born slave of this era to be enslaved in the United States.
- Atlantic slave trade
- Arab slave trade
- Blockade of Africa
- Slavery in modern Africa
- Anti-Slavery operations of the United States Navy
- Barbary pirates
- Christianity and slavery
- Islamic views on slavery
- Slavery in Mauritania
- Slavery in Sudan
- Unfree labor
- Tippu Tip
- History of slavery
- History of slavery in the United States
- James Riley (Captain) white slaves in the Sahara
- Slave ship
- African Diaspora