Break (music)  

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"Gibbons started to mix between the breaks of disco and funk records around the same time DJ Kool Herc began to test the technique in the Bronx, and the disco spinner was as technically precise as Grandmaster Flash, even if the spinners directed their deft handiwork to differing ends."--“Disco Madness: Walter Gibbons and the Legacy of Turntablism and Remixology” (Journal of Popular Music Studies, 20, 3, 2008, 276-329) by Tim Lawrence[1]

"Some of DJ Kool Herc’s favorite breaks included those of James Brown’s “Give It Up or Turnit a Loose” (1969), Babe Ruth's "The Mexican" (1972), Booker T and the MGs’ “Melting Pot” (1971), Incredible Bongo Band’s “Bongo Rock” (1973) and “Apache" (1973); Baby Huey’s “Listen to Me" (1971), Dennis Coffee’s “Scorpio (1971), Mandrill’s “Fencewalk” (1973), Jimmy Castor’s “It's Just Begun” (1972), Bob James’s “Take Me to the Mardi Gras” (1975), Aretha Franklin’s “Rock Steady, (1971) and Rare Earth’s “Get Ready” (1969)."--Sholem Stein

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In popular music a break is an instrumental or percussion section or interlude during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a "break" from the main parts of the song or piece.

In DJ parlance, a break is where all elements of a song (e.g., pads, basslines, vocals), except for percussion, disappear for a time. In hip hop and electronica, a short break is also known as "the drop", and is sometimes accented by cutting off everything, even the percussion. This is distinguished from a breakdown, a section where the composition is deliberately deconstructed to minimal elements (usually the percussion or rhythm section with the vocal re-introduced over the minimal backing), all other parts having been gradually or suddenly cut out. (Brewster and Broughton 2003, p.79)

List of breaks

Mostly based on Rap Attack: African Jive to New York Hip Hop

More notable examples

Musical ensembles which are notable for their use of breaks include The Meters, Creative Source, The J.B.'s, The Blackbyrds, and The Last Poets. Notable breaks include:

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Break (music)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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