Burundi beat  

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Burundi beat is an African drum rhythm, a recording of 25 drummers of the Ingoma tribe, made in 1967 in Burundi. It is best-known as an appropriated drum style of British New Romantics bands Bow Wow Wow and Adam and the Ants.

Recording history

Burundi beat is a tribal rhythm is a recording of 25 drummers of the Ingoma tribe, made in 1967 in a village in Burundi by Michel Vuylsteke and Charles Duvelle, a team of French anthropologists. The recording was included on an album, Musique du Burundi, issued by the French Ocora label in 1968.

In 1971 Mike Steiphenson grafted an arrangement for guitars and keyboards onto the Ocora recording for Barclay Records, and the result was "Burundi Black" (Pt. 1 and 2)[1] a seven inch that sold more than 125,000 copies and made the British best-seller charts. The track was arranged, composed by Mike Steiphenson. The sleeve notes that the recording contains drums [tambour] by the Ingoma Tribe sampled from the album on Ocora records (OCR 40 - Musique du Burundi).

In 1978, Barclay released a twelve inch version.

In 1981, the track was re-released on Barclay and Cachalot records. This time, Rusty Egan, drummer with the new romantic band Visage, and a French record producer named Jean-Philippe Iliesco recorded a new pop arrangement over the Burundian drummers.

Copyright status

Mike Steiphenson holds the Burundi Black copyright. Adam and the Ants, Bow Wow Wow, and several other bands have made hits with the Burundi beat as a rhythmic foundation. The Burundian drummers who made the original recording are not sharing in the profits. In any case, as the Jamaican recording industry and the Amen break cases have shown, obtaining copyright for a rhythm is a difficult proposition.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Burundi beat" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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