From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"The rest of us formed ourselves into a committee for providing our infant community with an appropriate name,--a matter of greatly more difficulty than the uninitiated reader would suppose. [...] I ventured to whisper "Utopia," which, however, was unanimously scouted down, and the proposer very harshly maltreated, as if he had intended a latent satire."--The Blithedale Romance (1852) Nathaniel Hawthorne
A community is a social unit (a group of living things) with commonality such as norms, religion, values, customs, or identity. Communities may share a sense of place situated in a given geographical area (e.g. a country, village, town, or neighbourhood) or in virtual space through communication platforms. Durable relations that extend beyond immediate genealogical ties also define a sense of community, important to their identity, practice, and roles in social institutions such as family, home, work, government, society, or humanity at large. Although communities are usually small relative to personal social ties, "community" may also refer to large group affiliations such as national communities, international communities, and virtual communities.
The English-language word "community" derives from the Old French comuneté (currently "Communauté"), which comes from the Latin communitas "community", "public spirit" (from Latin communis, "common"). Human communities may share intent, belief, resources, preferences, needs, and risks in common, affecting the identity of the participants and their degree of cohesiveness.
- Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
- Sense of community
- Historian Benedict Anderson's Imagined Communities
- Intentional community
- International community
- Nationalism and Internationalism
- Original affluent society hunter-gatherer aspects of Marshall Sahlins (1966)
- Tragedy of the commons and Tragedy of the anticommons