From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"What is the good of criticism? What is the good? -- A vast and terrible question mark which seizes the critic by the throat from the very first step in the first chapter he sets down to write. ...I sincerely believe that the best criticism is that which is both amusing and poetic: not a cold, mathematical criticism which, on the pretext of explaining everything, has neither love nor hate, and voluntarily strips itself of every shred of temperament... To be just, that is to say, to justify its existence, criticism should be partial, passionate and political, that is to say , written from an exclusive point of view, but a point of view that opens up the widest horizons." --Charles Baudelaire writing on the occasion of the Salon of 1846, first published as a booklet, Paris 1846, (tr. Jonathan Mayne)
The word critic comes from the Greek κριτικός, kritikós - one who discerns, which itself arises from the Ancient Greek word κριτής, krités, meaning a person who offers reasoned judgement or analysis, value judgement, interpretation, or observation. The term can be used to describe an adherent of a position disagreeing with or opposing the object of criticism.
Modern critics include professionals or amateurs who regularly judge or interpret performances or other works (such as that of artists, musicians or actors) and, typically, publish their observations, often in periodicals. Critics are numerous in certain fields, including art critics, music critics, film critics, theatre or drama, and cultural critics.
Critical acclaim and mass popularity seem to be mutually exclusive. In some rare instances they combine well. Examples of this are the double-coded films Borat (2006) and V for Vendetta (2006) and the 2013 film La grande bellezza.
Critical acclaim is a weasel word for not having to mention the critics who acclaimed.
A review is an evaluation of a cultural product, such as a movie, CD, book or other cultural artifact. In addition to a critical statement, the review's author may assign the work a rating (for instance, one to five stars) to indicate its relative merit.
- List of criticism and critique articles
- Appreciative criticism
- Art criticism
- Critical philosophy
- Critical theory
- Critical thinking
- Cultural elite
- Cultural criticism
- Film criticism
- Literary criticism
- Music journalism
- Posthumous recognition
- Social criticism
- Textual criticism
- Theatre criticism