Cursus publicus  

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The cursus publicus (Template:Lang-el, "public road/course") was the state-run courier and transportation service of the Roman Empire, later inherited by the Byzantine Empire. The Emperor Augustus created it to transport messages, officials, and tax revenues between the provinces and Italia. The service was still fully functioning in the first half of the sixth century in the Byzantine Empire, when the historian Procopius accuses Emperor Justinian of dismantling most of its sections, except for the route leading to the Persian border.

The extent of the cursus publicus is shown in the Tabula Peutingeriana, a map of the Roman road network dating from around 400AD.

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