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This page Editing is part of the remix series. Illustration: Mona Lisa Smoking a Pipe by Eugène Bataille subverts the Mona Lisa:
This page Editing is part of the remix series.
Illustration: Mona Lisa Smoking a Pipe by Eugène Bataille subverts the Mona Lisa:

Related e



Editing language, images, or sound through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications in various media. A person who edits is called an editor. In a sense, the editing process originates with the idea for the work itself and continues in the relationship between the author and the editor. Editing is, therefore, also a practice that includes creative skills, human relations, and a precise set of methods.

People referred to as editor

  • Authors' editor, works with authors (rather than publishers) to make draft texts fit for purpose (sometimes called “manuscript editor”)
  • Contributing editor, a magazine or book-publishing title, sometimes honorary, with a variety of meanings
  • Copy editor, making formatting changes and other improvements to text (sometimes called "manuscript editor" in academic publishing)
  • Developmental editor, an editor who supports authors before and during the drafting of a manuscript
  • Editor-at-large, a special kind of journalist
  • Editor-in-chief, having final responsibility for a publication's operations and policies
  • Film editor, person who selects and edits the raw footage of a film to create a finished motion picture
  • Literary editor, in a newspaper or similar, deals with reviews or literary criticism
  • Managing editor, senior member of a publication's management team
  • Music editor (filmmaking), type of sound editor responsible for music
  • Picture editor, or photo editor, collects and reviews photographs and/or illustrations for publication
  • Script editor, works with the screenwriter and producer of television dramas and comedies
  • Sound editor (filmmaking), prepares the sound on a film or television production
  • Sound editor or audio editor, a role of an audio engineer

Print media

There are various levels of editorial positions in publishing. Typically, one finds junior editorial assistants reporting to the senior-level editorial managers and directors who report to senior executive editors. Senior executive editors are responsible for developing a product to its final release. The smaller the publication, the more these roles run together. In particular, the substantive editor and copy editor often overlap: fact-checking and rewriting can be the responsibility of either.

Newspaper and wire services copyeditors correct spelling, grammar, and matters of house style, design pages and select of news stories for inclusion. At UK and Australian newspapers, the term is "sub-editor." As well, they choose the layout of the publication and communicating with the printer — a production editor. This and similar jobs are also called "layout editor," "design editor," "news designer," or – more so in the past – "makeup editor." Magazine editors include a top-level editor may be called an editor-in-chief. Frequent and esteemed contributors to a magazine may acquire a title of editor at-large or contributing editor (See below.)

In the book publishing industry, editors organize anthologies and other compilations, produce definitive editions of a classic author's works ("scholarly editor"); and organize and manage contributions to a multi-author book (symposium editor or volume editor). Finding marketable ideas and presenting them to appropriate authors: a sponsoring editor. Obtaining copy or recruiting authors such as: an acquisitions editor or a commissioning editor for a publishing house. Improving an author's writing so that they indeed say what they mean to say in an effective manner; a substantive editor. Depending on the writer's skill level, this editing can sometimes turn into ghost writing. Substantive editing is seldom a title. Many types of editors do this type of work, either in-house at a publisher or on an independent basis.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Editing" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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