Eduard von Hartmann  

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"Eduard von Hartmann points out very effectively that "an assumed love without sensuality is merely a fleshless and bloodless phantom of the creative imagination" (" Philosophy of the Unconscious," sixth edition, p. 190; Berlin, 1874). "--The Sexual Life of Our Time (1907) by Iwan Bloch

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Eduard von Hartmann (1842 – 1906), was a German philosopher, best-known for his Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869).


He was born in Berlin, and educated with the intention of a military career. He entered the artillery of the Guards as an officer in 1860, but was forced to leave in 1865 because of a knee problem. After some hesitation between music and philosophy, he decided to make the latter his profession, and in 1867 obtained a Ph. D. from the University of Rostock. He subsequently returned to Berlin, and died at Grosslichterfelde.


Von Hartmann's numerous works extend to more than 12,000 pages. They may be classified into:

Systematical, including Grand probleme:

  • Die Erkenninistheorie; Kategorienlehre; Das sittliche Bewusstsein; Die Philosophie des Schönen; Die Religion des Geistes; Die Philosophie des Unbewussten (3 vols., which now include his, originally anonymous, self-criticism, Das Unbewusste vom Standpunkte der Physiologie und Descendenztheorie, and its refutation, Eng. trs. by W. C. Coupland, 1884)
  • System der Philosophie im Grundriss, L
  • Grundriss der Erkenntnislehre

Historical and critical:

  • Das religiöse Bewusstsein der Menschheit
  • Geschichte der Metaphysik (2 vols.)
  • Kants Erkenntnistheorie
  • Kritische Grundlegung des transcendentalen Realismus
  • Uber die dialektische Methode
  • studies of Schelling, Lotze, von Kirchmann
  • Zur Geschichte des Pessimismus
  • Neukantianismus, Schopenhauerismus, Hegelianismus
  • Geschichte der deutschen Ästhetik und Kant
  • Die Krisis des Christentums in der modernen Theologie
  • Philosophische Fragen der Gegenwart
  • Ethische Studien
  • Moderne Psychologie
  • Das Christentum des neuen Testaments
  • Die Weltanschauung der modernen Physik


  • Soziale Kernfragen
  • Moderne Probleme
  • Tagesfragen
  • Zwei Jahrzehnte deutscher Politik
  • Das Judentum in Gegenwart und Zukunft
  • Die Selbstzersetzung des Christentums
  • Gesammelte Studien
  • Der Spiritismus and Die Geisterhypothese des Spiritismus
  • Zur Zeitgeschichle

His select works were published in 10 volumes.

See Also

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