List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes  

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This is a Template:Nowrap used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies. Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary. There are a few general rules about how they combine. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. As a general rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal roots (e.g. Template:Wikt-lang + Template:Lang + -logy = arthrology), but generally, the -o- is dropped when connecting to a vowel-stem (e.g. Template:Lang + -itis = arthritis, instead of Template:Not a typo). Second, medical roots generally go together according to language, i.e., Greek prefixes occur with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots.

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Contents

Prefixes and suffixes

The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples.

A

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap not, without (alpha privative) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), not, without analgesic, apathy
Template:Nowrap from; away from Latin abduction
Template:Nowrap of or relating to the abdomen Latin Template:Wikt-lang, abdomen, fat around the belly abdomen, abdominal
Template:Nowrap pertaining to; one afflicted with Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) cardiac, celiac
Template:Nowrap thorn or spine Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), thorn acanthion, acanthocyte, acanthoma, acanthulus
Template:Nowrap<ref>Template:LSJ</ref> of or relating to hearing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), of or for hearing acoumeter, acoustician, hyperacusis
Template:Nowrap extremity, topmost Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), highest or farthest point acrocrany, acromegaly, acroosteolysis, acroposthia
Template:Nowrap hearing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), of or for hearing paracusis
Template:Nowrap toward, in the direction of Latin Template:Wikt-lang, toward, to dorsad, ventrad
Template:Nowrap at, increase, on, toward Latin Template:Wikt-lang, to adduction, addition
Template:Nowrap of or relating to a gland Greek Template:Wikt-lang, (Template:Grc-transl), an acorn; a gland adenocarcinoma, adenology, adenotome, adenotyphus
Template:Nowrap of or relating to fat or fatty tissue Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, fat adipocyte
Template:Nowrap of or relating to the adrenal glands Latin Template:Wikt-lang + Template:Wikt-lang, kidneys adrenal artery
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap (BrE) blood condition Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), without blood anaemia
Template:Nowrap air, gas Greek Template:Wikt-lang, ἀέρος (Template:Grc-transl) aerosinusitis, aerodynamics
Template:Nowrap (BrE) sensation Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) anaesthesia
Template:Nowrap pertaining to Latin Template:Wikt-lang abdominal, femoral
Template:Nowrap denoting a white or pale color Latin albus, white albino, tunica albica
Template:Nowrap pain Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) analgesic
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap pain Greek myalgia
Template:Nowrap denoting something as different, or as an addition Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), another, other alloantigen, allopathy
Template:Nowrap denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Wikt-lang, both, on both sides ambidextrous
Template:Nowrap Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) amniocentesis
Template:Nowrap, on both sides Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) amphicrania, amphismela, amphomycin
Template:Nowrap starchy, carbohydrate-related Latin Template:Wikt-lang (starch) amylase, amylophagia
Template:Nowrap not, without (alpha privative) Greek analgesia
Template:Nowrap back, again, up Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) anaplasia
Template:Nowrap anus Latin anal
Template:Nowrap pertaining to a man Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), male android, andrology, androgen
Template:Nowrap blood vessel Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) angiogram, angioplasty
Template:Nowrap describing something as unequal Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), unequal anisocytosis, anisotropic
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap denoting something as crooked or bent Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), crooked, curved ankylosis
Template:Nowrap describing something as positioned in front of another thing Latin Template:Wikt-lang, before, in front of antepartum
Template:Nowrap human Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), human anthropology
Template:Nowrap describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), against antibody, antipsychotic
Template:Nowrap away, separated from, derived from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) apoptosis
Template:Nowrap first, primitive Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) archinephron
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to a male; masculine Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) arsenoblast
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to an artery Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), a wind-pipe, artery (used distinctly versus a vein) arteriole, artery
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the joints, limbs Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), a joint, limb arthritis
Template:Nowrap joint Latin Template:Wikt-lang Articulation
Template:Nowrap pertaining to Latin Template:Wikt-lang biliary tract, coronary
Template:Nowrap enzyme from Greek Template:Lang (Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl, part, apart) + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl, stand)), division Lactase
Template:Nowrap weakness Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Myasthenia gravis
Template:Nowrap imperfect or incomplete development Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), without end, incomplete atelocardia
Template:Nowrap fatty deposit, soft gruel-like deposit Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Atherosclerosis
Template:Nowrap process Latin medication, civilization
Template:Nowrap an atrium (esp. heart atrium) Latin atrioventricular
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the ear Latin Template:Wikt-lang, the ear Aural
Template:Nowrap self Greek Template:Wikt-lang, αὐτο- (Template:Grc-transl) Autoimmune, autograph, autobiography, automobile, automatic
Template:Nowrap increase; growth Greek Template:Wikt-lang, αὔξω (Template:Grc-transl) Auxocardia: enlargement of the heart, auxology
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the armpit (uncommon as a prefix) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, armpit Axilla
Template:Nowrap nitrogenous compound French Template:Wikt-lang, nitrogen; from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl, no, without) + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl, life)), mephitic air azothermia: raised temperature due to nitrogenous substances in blood

B

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap rod-shaped Latin Template:Wikt-lang, stick Bacillus anthracis
Template:Nowrap Pertaining to bacteria Latin Template:Wikt-lang; Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), small staff bacteriophage, bactericide
Template:Nowrap of the glans penis or glans clitoridis Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), acorn, glans balanitis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to base Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), foundation, base basolateral
Template:Nowrap twice, double Latin Template:Wikt-lang binary vision, bicycle, bisexual
Template:Nowrap life Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) biology, biological
Template:Nowrap germinate or bud Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) blastomere
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the eyelid Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), eyelid blepharoplasty
Template:Nowrap of or relating to the arm Latin Template:Wikt-lang, from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), arm brachium of inferior colliculus
Template:Nowrap indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little' Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), short, little, shallow brachycephalic
Template:Nowrap slow Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), slow bradycardia
Template:Nowrap of or relating to the bronchus Latin Template:Wikt-lang; Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), windpipe bronchitis, bronchiolitis obliterans
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the cheek Latin Template:Wikt-lang, cheek buccolabial
Template:Nowrap bursa (fluid sac between the bones) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, purse; Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), hide, wine-skin bursa, bursitis

C

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to hair Latin Template:Wikt-lang, hair capillus
Template:Nowrap pertaining to the head as a whole Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, the head capitation, decapitation
Template:Nowrap cancer Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), crab carcinoma
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the heart Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), heart cardiology
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the wrist Latin Template:Wikt-lang < Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), wrist; NOTE: This root should not be confused with the mirror root carp(o)- meaning fruit. carpal, carpopedal spasm, metacarpal
Template:Nowrap down, under Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) catabolism, catacombs, cataract
Template:Nowrap pouching, hernia Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Hydrocele, Varicocele
Template:Nowrap surgical puncture for aspiration Greek κέντησις (Template:Grc-transl) amniocentesis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the head (as a whole) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), the head cephalalgy, hydrocephalus
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the cornu; a horn Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), a horn ceratoid
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the cerebellum Latin Template:Wikt-lang, little brain cerebellum
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the brain Latin Template:Wikt-lang, brain cerebrology
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the neck or the cervix Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang), neck, cervix cervical vertebrae, cervicodorsal
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the lips Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), lip, mouth, beak angular cheilitis
Template:Nowrap chemistry, drug Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) chemical, chemistry, chemotherapy
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the hand Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), hand chiropractor
Template:Nowrap denoting a green color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), green, yellow-green chlorophyll
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to bile Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bile cholaemia (UK) / cholemia (US), cholecystitis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the gallbladder Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), gallbladder < Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bile, gall + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bladder cholecystectomy
Template:Nowrap cartilage, gristle, granule, granular Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) chondrocalcinosis
Template:Nowrap color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hemochromatosis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap killing, destroying Latin Template:Wikt-lang, cutter, killer bacteriocidal, suicide, suicidal
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the cilia, the eyelashes; eyelids Latin Template:Wikt-lang, eyelash; eyelid ciliary
Template:Nowrap denoting something as 'around' another Latin Template:Wikt-lang, around circumcision
Template:Nowrap on this side Latin Template:Wikt-lang cisgender
Template:Nowrap break Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), broken osteoclast
Template:Nowrap spindle Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), spindle, thread Clostridium
Template:Nowrap with, together, in association Latin Template:Wikt-lang coenzymes, co-organization
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap round, spherical Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), berry, seed Streptococcus
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap colon Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) colonoscopy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the vagina Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bosom, womb; hollow, depth colposcopy
Template:Nowrap with, together Latin Template:Wikt-lang communicate
Template:Nowrap against Latin Template:Wikt-lang contraindication
Template:Nowrap with, together Latin Template:Wikt-lang corrective
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the eye's pupil Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), girl, doll; pupil of the eye corectomy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the heart (uncommon as a prefix) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, heart commotio cordis,
Template:Nowrap applied to describing processes and parts of the body as likened or similar to horns Latin Template:Wikt-lang, horn greater cornu
Template:Nowrap pertaining to the heart Latin Template:Wikt-lang coronary heart disease
Template:Nowrap cortex, outer region Latin Template:Wikt-lang, bark of a tree corticosteroid
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the ribs Latin Template:Wikt-lang, rib costochondral
Template:Nowrap of or relating to the hip, haunch, or hip-joint Latin Template:Wikt-lang, hip coxopodite
Template:Nowrap belonging or relating to the cranium Latin Template:Wikt-lang, from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), cranium, skull, bones enclosing the brain craniology
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap to secrete Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), separate, divide, discern endocrine
Template:Nowrap cold Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), cold, frost cryoablation, cryogenic
Template:Nowrap skin Latin Template:Wikt-lang subcutaneous
Template:Nowrap having a blue color Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl, blue, of the color blue) cyanopsia
Template:Nowrap circle, cycle Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) cyclosis, cyclops, tricycle
Template:Nowrap denotes something as bent (uncommon as a prefix) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bent, hunchback cyphosis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the urinary bladder Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bladder, cyst cystotomy
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap cell Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), a hollow, vessel cytokine, leukocyte, cytoplasm

D

Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to tears Greek Template:Wikt-lang, tear dacryoadenitis, dacryocystitis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to a finger, toe Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), finger, toe dactylology, polydactyly
Template:Nowrap from, down, or away from Latin Template:Wikt-lang dehydrate, demonetize, demotion
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to teeth Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, tooth dentist, dental
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the skin Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), skin, human skin dermatology, epidermis, hypodermic, xeroderma
Template:Nowrap binding Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) arthrodesis
Template:Nowrap right, on the right side Latin Template:Wikt-lang dextrocardia
Template:Nowrap two Greek Template:Wikt-lang diplopia,
Template:Nowrap apart, separation Latin Template:Wikt-lang dilation, distal, dilute
Template:Nowrap through, during, across Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), through, during, across dialysis
Template:Nowrap apart, separation Latin Template:Wikt-lang different
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the finger [rare as a root] Latin Template:Wikt-lang, finger, toe digit
Template:Nowrap twofold Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) diploid, diplosis
Template:Nowrap (condition of) thirst Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) dipsomania, hydroadipsia, oligodipsia, polydipsia
Template:Nowrap separation, taking apart Latin Template:Wikt-lang dissection
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the back Latin Template:Wikt-lang, back dorsal, dorsocephalad
Template:Nowrap running, conduction, course Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) dromotropic, syndrome
Template:Nowrap twelve Latin Template:Wikt-lang duodenal atresia, duodenum
Template:Nowrap hard Latin Template:Wikt-lang dura mater
Template:Nowrap force, energy, power Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hand strength dynamometer, dynamics
Template:Nowrap pain Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) vulvodynia
Template:Nowrap bad, difficult, defective, abnormal Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) dysentery, dysphagia, dysphasia

E

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap (see -al) pertaining to English -al, from Latin Template:Wikt-lang adenohypophyseal, corneal, esophageal, perineal
Template:Nowrap out, away Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), out of, from ectopia, ectopic pregnancy
Template:Nowrap outer, outside Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) ectoblast, ectoderm, ectoplasm
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap expansion, dilation Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) bronchiectasis, telangiectasia
Template:Nowrap denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), excision mastectomy
Template:Nowrap vomiting condition Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hematemesis
Template:Nowrap blood condition (Am. Engl.) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), "blood" anemia
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the brain; see also cerebro- Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), the brain encephalogram
Template:Nowrap denotes something as inside or within Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), inside, internal endocrinology, endospore, endoskeleton
Template:Nowrap having a red color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), dawn, daybreak, morning red, goddess of the dawn (Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Grc-transl) eosinophil granulocyte
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the intestine Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), intestine gastroenterology
Template:Nowrap on, upon Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), before, upon, on, outside, outside of epicardium, epidermis, epidural, episclera, epistaxis, epidemic
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), the pubic area, loins; vulva episiotomy
Template:Nowrap having a red color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), red erythrocyte
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap gullet (AmE) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) esophagus
Template:Nowrap sensation (AmE) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to perceive esthesioneuroblastoma, esthesia
Template:Nowrap true, good, well, new Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) eukaryote
Template:Nowrap out of, away from Latin Template:Wikt-lang excision, except
Template:Nowrap denotes something as "outside" another Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), outside of, external exophthalmos, exoskeleton, exoplanet
Template:Nowrap outside Latin Template:Wikt-lang, outside of, beyond extradural hematoma extraordinary, extreme

F

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the face Latin Template:Wikt-lang, the face, countenance facioplegic, facial
Template:Nowrap fiber Latin Template:Wikt-lang, fiber, filament, entrails<ref>{{
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}}</ref> | fibril, fibrin, fibrinous pericarditis, fibroblast, fibrosis |- ! scope="row" | Template:Nowrap | fine, hair-like | Latin Template:Wikt-lang, thread | filament, filum terminale |- ! scope="row" | Template:Nowrap | hole, opening, or aperture, particularly in bone | Latin Template:Wikt-lang | foramen magnum |- ! scope="row" | Template:Nowrap | used to form adjectives indicating "having the form of" | Latin Template:Wikt-lang, form, shape | cruciform, cuneiform, falciform |- ! scope="row" | Template:Nowrap | before or ahead | Old English Template:Wikt-lang, before, in front of | foregut, foreshadow |- ! scope="row" | Template:Nowrap | a hollow or depressed area; a trench or channel | Latin Template:Wikt-lang, ditch, pit | fossa ovalis |- ! scope="row" | Template:Nowrap | of or pertaining to the forehead | Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, the forehead | frontonasal |}

G

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap milk Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) galactorrhea, galaxy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the stomach Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), stomach, belly gastroenterology, gastropod
Template:Nowrap *born in, from
  • of a certain kind
Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), from Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), to be born *endogen
Template:Nowrap formative; pertaining to producing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) cardiogenic shock
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the knee Latin Template:Wikt-lang, knee genu valgum
Template:Nowrap taste Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) ageusia, dysgeusia, hypergeusia, hypogeusia, parageusia
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the gums Latin Template:Wikt-lang, gum gingivitis
Template:Nowrap Having a grey or bluish-grey colour Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), grey, bluish-grey glaucoma
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the tongue Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), tongue glossology
Template:Nowrap sweet Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), sweet glucocorticoid, glucose
Template:Nowrap sugar Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), sweet glycolysis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the jaw Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), jaw gnathodynamometer
Template:Nowrap knowledge Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), inquiry, knowledge diagnosis, prognosis
Template:Nowrap seed, semen; reproductive Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), fruit, seed, procreating gonorrhea
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap record or picture Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), picture, letter, writing angiogram, gramophone
Template:Nowrap instrument used to record data or picture Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), written, drawn, graphic interpretation electrocardiograph, seismograph
Template:Nowrap process of recording Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), written, drawn, graphic interpretation angiography
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap (BrE), Template:Nowrap (AmE) woman Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) gynaecology, gynecomastia, gynoecium

H

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap to wander in mind Latin Template:Wikt-lang, to wander in mind hallucinosis, hallucination
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to blood Latin Template:LangTemplate:Citation needed, from Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), blood hematology, older form haematology
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap blood (AmE) Greek Template:Wikt-lang, (Template:Grc-transl), blood hemal, hemoglobin
Template:Nowrap blood vessels Greek Template:Wikt-lang, (Template:Grc-transl), blood, + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), vessel, urn hemangioma
Template:Nowrap one-half Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), half cerebral hemisphere
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the liver Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), the liver hepatology, hepatitis
Template:Nowrap denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), the other (of two), another; different heterogeneous
Template:Nowrap sweat Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), sweat, perspiration hyperhidrosis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap tissue Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), web, tissue histology
Template:Nowrap similar Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), like, resembling, similar homeopathy
Template:Nowrap denotes something as "the same" as another or common Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), the same, common homosexuality, homozygote, homophobic
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, shoulder humerus
Template:Nowrap water Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), water hydrophobe, hydrogen
Template:Nowrap extreme or beyond normal Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), over, above; beyond, to the extreme hypertension, hypertrichosis
Template:Nowrap below normal Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), below, under hypovolemia, hypoxia
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the womb or the uterus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), womb hysterectomy, hysteria

I

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap condition, formation, or presence of Latin Template:Wikt-lang, pathological condition or process; from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), cure, repair, mend mydriasis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to medicine or a physician (uncommon as a prefix but common as a suffix; see -iatry) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), healer, physician iatrochemistry, iatrogenesis
Template:Nowrap denotes a field in medicine emphasizing a certain body component Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), healer, physician podiatry, psychiatry
Template:Nowrap pertaining to Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hepatic artery
Template:Nowrap organized knowledge, treatment Latin Template:Wikt-lang, collection of related things, theme; cognate with Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), of, pertaining to obstetrics
Template:Nowrap self, one's own Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), one's own idiopathic
Template:Nowrap ileum Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to shut in, intestinal obstruction ileocecal valve
Template:Nowrap below Latin Template:Wikt-lang, below infrahyoid muscles
Template:Nowrap between, among Latin Template:Wikt-lang interarticular ligament
Template:Nowrap within Latin Template:Wikt-lang intramural
Template:Nowrap same Latin Template:Wikt-lang ipsilateral
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the iris Latin Template:Wikt-lang, rainbow; from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), rainbow iridectomy
Template:Nowrap restriction Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), hold back, restrain ischemia
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the ischium, the hip-joint Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), hip-joint, ischium ischioanal fossa
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to Latin Template:Wikt-lang, of or pertaining to; cognate with Greek Template:Wikt-lang, added to form adjectives relating to material, time, and so on morphine, masculine/Template:Wbrfeminine
Template:Nowrap condition, disease Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), suffix forming abstract nouns of state, condition, doctrine dwarfism
Template:Nowrap spasm, contraction Greek Template:Lang hemiballismus
Template:Nowrap denoting something as being equal Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), equal isotonic
Template:Nowrap one who specializes in Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), agent noun, one who practices pathologist
Template:Nowrap the nature of, resembling Latin Template:Wikt-lang, those belonging to, from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) dendrite
Template:Nowrap inflammation Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) fem. form of Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), pertaining to, because it was used with the feminine noun Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl, disease), thus Template:Grc-transl, disease of the, disease pertaining to tonsillitis
Template:Nowrap structure, tissue Latin Template:Wikt-lang, aggregation or mass of (such as tissue) pericardium

J–K

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap near to, alongside, or next to Latin Template:Wikt-lang juxtaglomerular apparatus
Template:Nowrap potassium New Latin Template:Wikt-lang, potassium hyperkalemia
Template:Nowrap<ref>Template:LSJ</ref> nucleus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), nut eukaryote
Template:Nowrap<ref>Template:LSJ</ref> cornea (eye or skin) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), horn keratoscope
Template:Nowrap<ref>Template:LSJ</ref> movement Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to move, to change akinetopsia, kinesthesia
Template:Nowrap<ref>Template:LSJ</ref> hollow Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) koilocyte
Template:Nowrap<ref>Template:LSJ</ref> humped Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bent forward, stooping, hunchbacked kyphoscoliosis

L

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the lip Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, lip labiodental
Template:Nowrap tear Latin Template:Wikt-lang, tear from crying Lacrimal canaliculi
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap milk Latin Template:Wikt-lang, milk lactation
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the abdominal wall, flank Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), flank laparotomy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the larynx, the lower throat cavity where the voice box is Greek Template:Wikt-lang, (Template:Grc-transl), throat, gullet larynx
Template:Nowrap lateral Latin Template:Wikt-lang, lateral, of or belonging to the side lateral pectoral nerve
Template:Nowrap smooth Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), smooth leiomyoma
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap attack, seizure Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), seizure epilepsy, narcolepsy
Template:Nowrap light, slender Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), thin, lean leptomeningeal
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap denoting a white color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), white, bright, pale leukocyte
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the tongue Latin Template:Wikt-lang, tongue, speech, language linguistics
Template:Nowrap fat Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), fat, lard liposuction
Template:Nowrap smooth Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), smooth lissencephaly
Template:Nowrap stone, calculus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) lithotripsy
Template:Nowrap speech Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) dialog, catalog, logos
Template:Nowrap denotes someone who studies a certain field (the field of _____-logy); a specialist; one who treats Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), studier, practitioner (lit., accountant) oncologist, pathologist
Template:Nowrap denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; the study of Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) base noun for the study of something hematology, urology
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or relating to the part of the trunk between the lowest ribs and the pelvis. Latin Template:Wikt-lang or Template:Lang, loin lumbar vertebrae
Template:Nowrap lymph Latin Template:Wikt-lang, water lymphedema
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap dissolution Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), loosen, release, + -ic lysosome
Template:Nowrap destruction, separation Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), loosen, release paralysis

M

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap large, long Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), long, tall macrophage
Template:Nowrap softening Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), soft, weak, self-indulgent osteomalacia
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the breast Latin Template:Wikt-lang, breast, udder mammogram
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the nipple Latin Template:Wikt-lang, nipple mammillaplasty, mammillitis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the hand Latin Template:Wikt-lang, hand manufacture
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the breast Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), breast, woman's breast, man's pectoral muscle mastectomy
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap enlargement, million Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), big, large, great, mighty splenomegaly, megameter
Template:Nowrap having a black color Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), black, dark melanin
Template:Nowrap extremity Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), part of a body, limb, member erythromelalgia
Template:Nowrap membrane Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) meningitis
Template:Nowrap month, menstrual cycle Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), month menopause, menorrhagia
Template:Nowrap part Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), part, component, region merocrine, meroblastic
Template:Nowrap middle Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), middle, between, half mesoderm
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap after, beside, beyond or change Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), with, among, along with, in common with metacarpal, metacarpus, metacromion, metanephros, metatheria
Template:Anchor Template:Nowrap instrument used to measure or count Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), measure or property, something used to measure sphygmomanometer, thermometer
Template:Nowrap process of measuring, -meter + -y (see -meter) Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) optometry
Template:Nowrap pertaining to conditions or instruments of the uterus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), womb, uterus metrorrhagia
Template:Nowrap millionth; denoting something as small, relating to smallness Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), small microscope
Template:Nowrap thousandth Latin Template:Wikt-lang, thousand milliliter
Template:Nowrap single Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) infectious mononucleosis
Template:Nowrap form, shape Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) morphology
Template:Nowrap muscle Latin Template:Wikt-lang, muscle (lit. mouse-like, due to mouse-shaped appearance of some muscles; loanword from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), mouse, + Latin Template:Wikt-lang, diminutive suffix) musculoskeletal system
Template:Nowrap of or relating to muscle Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), muscle, mouse, mussel myoblast
Template:Nowrap fungus Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), mushroom or fungus onychomycosis
Template:Nowrap of or relating to bone marrow or the spinal cord Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), marrow, bone-marrow myelin sheath, myeloblast
Template:Nowrap of or relating to molar teeth or the lower jaw Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl, mill, grind, molars mylohyoid nerve
Template:Nowrap ten thousand Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), innumerable, countless, infinite myriad
Template:Nowrap eardrum Latin Template:Wikt-lang, eardrum myringotomy
Template:Nowrap mucus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), mucus, nasal discharge myxoma

N

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap dwarf, small Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), dwarf nanogram, nanosecond
Template:Nowrap numb, sleep Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), numbess, torpor narcolepsy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the nose Latin Template:Wikt-lang, nose nasal
Template:Nowrap birth Latin Template:Wikt-lang, born, arisen, made neonatology
Template:Nowrap death Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), dead body, corpse, dying person necrosis, necrotizing fasciitis
Template:Nowrap new Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), young, youthful, new, fresh neoplasm
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the kidney Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), kidney nephrology
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system (uncommon as a root: neuro- mostly always used) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, tendon, nerve; cognate with Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), tendon, string, nerve nerve, nervous system
Template:Anchor Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), tendon, sinew, nerve neurofibromatosis
Template:Nowrap pain, injury, hurt Latin Template:Wikt-lang nociception
Template:Nowrap normal Latin Template:Wikt-lang, norm or standard; lit. carpenter's square normocapnia

O

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the eye Latin Template:Wikt-lang, the eye Oculist
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to teeth Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl, tooth orthodontist
Template:Nowrap pain Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) stomatodynia
Template:Nowrap (BrE) gullet Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) oesophagus
Template:Nowrap resemblance to Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), like, connected to, pertaining to Sarcoidosis
Template:Nowrap small or little Latin Template:Wikt-lang, suffix to form a diminutive of the noun arteriole
Template:Nowrap having little, having few Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), few oligotrophy
Template:Nowrap shoulder Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), shoulder omoplate
Template:Nowrap (singular), Template:Nowrap (plural) tumor, mass, fluid collection Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), suffix added to verbs to form nouns indicating the result of a process or action; cf. English -tion sarcoma, teratoma, mesothelioma
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), navel, belly-button omphalotomy
Template:Nowrap tumor, bulk, volume Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) oncology
Template:Nowrap hormone
Template:Anchor Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe) Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), nail; claw; talon onychophagy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to an (egg), a woman's egg, the ovum Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), egg, ovum oogenesis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the woman's (ovary) Neoclassical Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), ovary, egg-bearing oophorectomy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the (eye) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), the eye ophthalmology
Template:Nowrap back, behind, rear<ref>"opistho-". dictionary.com</ref> Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), behind, at the back opisthotonus
Template:Nowrap examination or inspection Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), view biopsy, autopsy
Template:Nowrap of or relating to chemical properties of the eye Middle French Template:Wikt-lang; from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl); cognate with Latin Template:Wikt-lang, relating to the eye opticochemical, biopsy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the mouth Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, mouth oral
Template:Nowrap one who, agent noun–forming suffix generally appended where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. Cf. -er doctor
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap testis Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), testicle, ovary orchiectomy, orchidectomy
Template:Nowrap denoting something as straight or correct Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), straight, correct, normal orthodontist
Template:Nowrap a condition, disease or increase Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), state, abnormal condition, action Harlequin type ichthyosis, psychosis, osteoporosis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap bone, bony Latin Template:Wikt-lang, bone peripheral ossifying fibroma, osseous
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap bone Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bone osteoporosis, osteoarthritis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the ear Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), the ear otology
Template:Nowrap pertaining to Latin Template:Wikt-lang, full of, prone to porous
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the ovaries Latin Template:Wikt-lang, ovary ovariectomy
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the eggs, the ovum Latin Template:Wikt-lang, egg, ovum ovogenesis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap addition of oxygen
Template:Nowrap sharp, acid, acute; oxygen borrowed from French Template:Wikt-lang (originally Template:Lang, 'acidifying principle', referring to oxygen's role in the formation of acids, from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), sharp, pointed + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), birth) oxytocin, oxygenated, oxycodone

P

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap thick Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), thick, large, stout pachyderma, pachyderm
Template:Nowrap Indicates conjoined twins, with the first part denoting the organs fused Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), fixed, set, fastened xiphopagus
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the eyelid (uncommon as a root) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, eyelid palpebra
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'; "all" Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), all, every panophobia, panopticon, pancytopenia (deficiency in all blood cell types - erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes)<ref>The Language of Medicine, 11th edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner</ref>
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, nipple; diminutive of papula (see below) papillitis
Template:Nowrap Indicates papulosity, a small elevation or swelling in the skin, a pimple, swelling Latin Template:Wikt-lang, pimple, pustle; a small elevation or swelling in the skin papulation
Template:Nowrap alongside of Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) paracyesis
Template:Nowrap slight paralysis Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hemiparesis
Template:Nowrap small Latin Template:Wikt-lang, small, little, unimportant Parvovirus
Template:Nowrap disease Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), pain, suffering, condition Pathology
Template:Nowrap denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), suffering, accident sociopathy, neuropathy
Template:Nowrap Few Latin Template:Wikt-lang Pauci-immune
Template:Nowrap breast or chest Latin Template:Wikt-lang pectoralgia, pectoriloquy, pectorophony
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the foot; -footed Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, foot Pedoscope
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the child Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), child pediatrics. pedophilia
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap hip bone Latin Template:Wikt-lang, basin Pelvis
Template:Nowrap deficiency Greek Template:Wikt-lang, poverty, indigence osteopenia
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the penis Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Peotomy
Template:Nowrap denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), cooked, digested < Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), I boil, cook; digest dyspepsia
Template:Nowrap through Latin Template:Wikt-lang, through, by means of percutaneous
Template:Nowrap denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), around, about, concerning periodontal
Template:Nowrap fixation Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), fixing in place, fastening nephropexy
Template:Nowrap lens-shaped Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), lentil-bean phacolysis, phacometer, phacoscotoma
Template:Nowrap Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) eating < Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to eat Sarcophagia
Template:Nowrap eating, devouring Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), eater of, eating phagocyte
Template:Nowrap Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) eater; see -phagia Lotophagi
Template:Nowrap Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word Greek φαγία (Template:Lang) eating; see -phagia hematophagy
Template:Nowrap phallus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), penis Aphallia
Template:Nowrap drug, medication Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), witchcraft, drug pharmacology
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the pharynx, the upper throat cavity Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), throat, windpipe; chasm pharyngitis, pharyngoscopy
Template:Nowrap attraction for Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), friendship, love, affection hemophilia
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), blood-vessel, vein phlebography, phlebotomy
Template:Nowrap exaggerated fear, sensitivity, aversion Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), terror, fear, flight, panic arachnophobia
Template:Nowrap sound Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) phonograph, symphony
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. See the common root Template:Nowrap below. Greek Template:Lang, Template:Wikt-lang, φωτ- (Template:Grc-transl), light phosphene
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to light Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), < Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), light photopathy
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap the mind Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), intellect, wits, mind phrenic nerve, schizophrenia
Template:Nowrap leaf-like Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), leaf, foliage, plant phyllodes tumour, phyllotaxis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap to grow Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), plant, tree hydrophyte
Template:Nowrap soft Medieval Latin Template:Lang, tender mother, from Latin Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, pious, dutiful, good pia mater
Template:Nowrap Pear Latin Template:Wikt-lang, cognate with Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), pear Piriformis muscle
Template:Nowrap formation, development Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), moulding, conformation Achondroplasia
Template:Nowrap surgical repair, reconstruction Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), molded, formed rhinoplasty
Template:Nowrap paralysis Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), stroke (from a sword), from Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to strike or smite paraplegia
Template:Nowrap more, excessive, multiple Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), more pleiomorphism
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the ribs Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), rib, side of the body Pleurogenous
Template:Nowrap stroke or seizure Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), to strike or smite Cataplexy
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap air, breath, lung Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl) apnea, pneumatology, pneumonocyte, pneumonia
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the foot, -footed Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), foot podiatry
Template:Nowrap production Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), poetry, poem, creation hematopoiesis
Template:Nowrap having a grey color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), grey, grizzled poliomyelitis
Template:Nowrap denotes a 'plurality' of something Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), many, a lot of, large, great polymyositis
Template:Nowrap pore, porous Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), passage, passageway pore
Template:Nowrap denotes a purple color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), Tyrian purple, royal purple porphyroblast
Template:Nowrap denotes something as 'after (time)' or 'behind (space)' another Latin Template:Wikt-lang, after, behind postoperation, postmortem
Template:Nowrap denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time) Middle English Template:Lang, from Medieval Latin Template:Lang < (Classical) Latin Template:Wikt-lang, before, in front of premature birth
Template:Nowrap old age Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), old man, elder presbyopia, presbycusis<ref name="Stedman">Stedman's Online</ref>
Template:Nowrap denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important' Latin Template:Wikt-lang, first, most important primary
Template:Nowrap denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), before, in front of procephalic
Template:Nowrap anus, rectum Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), anus proctology
Template:Nowrap face Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), face, visage, mask prosopagnosia
Template:Nowrap denotes something as 'first' or 'most important' Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), first; principal, most important protoneuron
Template:Nowrap denotes something false or fake Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to lie or deceive pseudoephedrine
Template:Nowrap Itching Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), itch, mange, scurvy psoriasis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the mind Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), breath, life, soul psychology, psychiatry
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap Pertaining to a wing; 'pterygo-', wing-shaped Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), wing, feather lateral pterygoid plate
Template:Nowrap falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), falling apoptosis, nephroptosis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap saliva, salivary glands, sialaden ptyalolithiasis
Template:Nowrap spitting Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to spit up, disgorge; + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), added to verb stems to form abstract nouns or nouns of action, result or process hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or relating to the lungs Latin Template:Wikt-lang, a lung pulmonary
Template:Nowrap pus Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl pyometra
Template:Nowrap pelvis Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), pelvis, wash basin pyelonephritis
Template:Nowrap to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), thickening pyknosis
Template:Nowrap gate Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), gate keeper; lower orifice of the stomach pyloric sphincter
Template:Nowrap fever Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), fire, heat, fever antipyretic

Q–R

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap four Latin Template:Wikt-lang quadriceps
Template:Nowrap radiation Latin Template:Wikt-lang, I radiate, emit beams; from Template:Wikt-lang, ray of light, spoke of a wheel radiowave
Template:Nowrap referring to the beginning, or the root, of a structure, usually a nerve or a vein Latin Template:Wikt-lang, root radiculopathy
Template:Nowrap again, back Latin Template:Wikt-lang relapse
Template:Nowrap rectum abbr. of New Latin Template:Lang ('straight intestine') < Latin Template:Wikt-lang, straight rectal, rectum, rectus femoris
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the kidney Latin Template:Wikt-lang, kidney renal
Template:Nowrap net Latin Template:Wikt-lang reticulocyte
Template:Nowrap backward, behind Latin Template:Wikt-lang retroversion, retroverted
Template:Nowrap rod shaped, striated Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), wand, stick, stripe rhabdomyolysis
Template:Nowrap spine Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), spine or backbone rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, rachiopathy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the nose Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), nose rhinoceros, rhinoplasty
Template:Nowrap denoting a rose-red color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), rose rhodophyte
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap burst forth, rapid flow (of blood, usually) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to break, to burst hemorrhage, menorrhagia
Template:Nowrap surgical suturing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hymenorrhaphy, neurorrhaphy
Template:Nowrap (AmE) flowing, discharge Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), flow, flux galactorrhea, diarrhea
Template:Nowrap rupture Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), breaking, bursting, discharge karyorrhexis
Template:Nowrap (BrE) flowing, discharge Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), flow, flux diarrhoea
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain Latin Template:Wikt-lang, red rubrospinal
Template:Nowrap break or burst Latin Template:Wikt-lang erupt, interrupt

S

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to tubes, e.g. Fallopian tubes Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang, (Template:Grc-transl), trumpet salpingectomy, salpingopharyngeus muscle
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to blood Latin Template:Wikt-lang, blood sanguine
Template:Nowrap relating to putrefaction or decay Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), rotten, putrid saprogenic
Template:Nowrap muscular, flesh-like Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), flesh sarcoma, sarcoidosis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the scapula Latin (Template:Wikt-lang), shoulder scapulothoracic, facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
Template:Nowrap split, cleft Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), cloven, divided schistocyte
Template:Nowrap denoting something "split" or "double-sided" Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), I split, cleave, part; irregular formation of the verb Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), to cut, split schizophrenia
Template:Nowrap hard Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) scleroderma
Template:Nowrap hardening Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), hard, harden; + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), added to verb stems to form abstract nouns or nouns of action, result or process atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis
Template:Nowrap twisted Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), curved, bent scoliosis
Template:Nowrap instrument for viewing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), watcher stethoscope
Template:Nowrap process of viewing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to look at, behold, examine endoscopy
Template:Nowrap darkness Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) scotopic vision
Template:Nowrap one-half, partly Latin Template:Wikt-lang semiconscious
Template:Nowrap saliva, salivary gland Latin Template:Wikt-lang, saliva. sialagogue
Template:Nowrap sigmoid, S-shaped curvature Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), crescent-shaped, lunate sigma-shaped sigmoid colon
Template:Nowrap left, left side Latin Template:Wikt-lang
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the sinus Latin Template:Wikt-lang, a curve, bend, hollow cavity, bosom sinusitis
Template:Nowrap food, grain Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) sitophobia
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap body, bodily Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) somatic
Template:Nowrap Sleep Latin Template:Wikt-lang, sleep, drowsiness insomniac<ref>The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner</ref>
Template:Nowrap slit, fissure Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), break, split hypospadias, epispadias
Template:Nowrap spasm Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Spasmodic dysphonia
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap semen, spermatozoa Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), seed, semen spermatogenesis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap viscera Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bowels, guts splanchnology
Template:Nowrap spleen Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), spleen, milt splenectomy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the spine, the vertebra Greek Template:Wikt-lang / Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), the spine spondylitis
Template:Nowrap denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly" Latin Template:Wikt-lang, full of scales, scaly squamous cell
Template:Nowrap contraction Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), I dispatch, place, set peristalsis
Template:Nowrap stopping, standing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to stand, place, set cytostasis, homeostasis
Template:Nowrap dripping, trickling Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), drip, leak, trickle
Template:Nowrap denoting something as narrow in shape or pertaining to narrowness Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), narrow, short stenography
Template:Nowrap abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), narrow, short; + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), added to verb stems to form abstract nouns or nouns of action, result or process restenosis, stenosis
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the upper chest, the area above the breast and under the neck Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), chest, cuirass stethoscope
Template:Nowrap strength, force, power Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl)
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the mouth; an artificially created opening<ref>Template:Cite book</ref> Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), mouth stomatogastric, stomatognathic system
Template:Nowrap creation of an opening New Latin Template:Wikt-lang, opening; from Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) colostomy
Template:Nowrap beneath, under Latin Template:Wikt-lang subcutaneous tissue
Template:Nowrap in excess, above, superior Latin Template:Wikt-lang superior vena cava
Template:Nowrap above, excessive Latin Template:Wikt-lang supraorbital vein
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; assimilates before some consonants: before l to Template:Nowrap, s to Template:Nowrap, before a labial consonant to Template:Nowrap Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), with, together symptom, synalgia, synesthesia, syssarcosis

T

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap denoting something as fast, irregularly fast Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), fast, quickly tachycardia
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap pressure Latin Template:Wikt-lang, stretching, extension, tension hypertension
Template:Nowrap Monster Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) teratoma, teratogen
Template:Nowrap rigid, tense Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) tetanus
Template:Nowrap case, sheath Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) intrathecal
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to a nipple (uncommon as a prefix) Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), a teat, nipple Theleplasty, thelarche
Template:Nowrap denoting something as relating to a woman, feminine Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), female, feminine Thelygenous
Template:Nowrap treatment Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hydrotherapy, therapeutic
Template:Nowrap heat Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) hypothermia
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck Latin Template:Wikt-lang < Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), chest, cuirass thoracic, thorax
Template:Nowrap of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), lump, piece, clot of blood thrombus, thrombocytopenia
Template:Nowrap thyroid Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), large oblong shield; + Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), a form or shape
Template:Nowrap emotions Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), spirit, soul; courage; breath, mind, emotions dysthymia
Template:Nowrap pertaining to Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), adjective-forming suffix denoting: relating to, able to, suited to
Template:Nowrap childbirth Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) tocolytic
Template:Nowrap cutting instrument Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), intersection
Template:Nowrap act of cutting; incising, incision Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Gastrotomy
Template:Nowrap tone, tension, pressure Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), rope, cord; tension
Template:Nowrap tension Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl)
Template:Nowrap place, topical Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) Topical anesthetic
Template:Nowrap twisted Latin Template:Wikt-lang Torticollis
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap toxin, poison Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), bow (archery), bow-related; from Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), poison for smearing arrows with Toxoplasmosis
Template:Nowrap trachea Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), windpipe Tracheotomy
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the neck Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), neck tracheloplasty
Template:Nowrap denoting something as moving or situated across or through Latin Template:Wikt-lang, across, through Transfusion
Template:Nowrap three Latin Template:Wikt-lang triangle, triceps
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), hair trichocyst
Template:Nowrap crushing Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), rubbing, friction lithotripsy
Template:Nowrap nourishment, development Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), food, nourishment pseudohypertrophy
Template:Nowrap turned toward, with an orientation toward, having an affinity for, affecting Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), a turn, way, manner, style geotropic, phototropic
Template:Nowrap eardrum Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), drum, eardrum tympanocentesis

U

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap small Latin Nodule
Template:Nowrap beyond, excessive Latin Template:Wikt-lang ultrasound, ultraviolet
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus Latin Template:Wikt-lang, navel, belly-button umbilical
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the nail, a claw Latin Template:Wikt-lang, nail, claw unguiform, ungual
Template:Nowrap one Latin Template:Wikt-lang unilateral hearing loss
Template:Anchor Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl); Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), urine antidiuretic, diuresis, diuretic, dysuria, enuresis, polyurea, polyuria, uraemia/uremia, uremic, ureter, urethra, urology
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system Latin Template:Wikt-lang, urine < Greek Template:Lang (Template:Grc-transl), see ur- above. uriniferous
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the uterus or womb Latin Template:Wikt-lang, womb, uterus uterus

V

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the vagina Latin Template:Wikt-lang, sheath, scabbard; vagina vaginal epithelium
Template:Nowrap swollen or twisted vein Latin Template:Wikt-lang varicose, esophageal varices
Template:Nowrap duct, blood vessel Latin Template:Wikt-lang, vessel, dish, vase vasoconstriction
Template:Nowrap blood vessel Latin Template:Wikt-lang cardiovascular
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the veins, venous blood, and the vascular system Latin Template:Wikt-lang, blood-vessel, vein venule, venospasm
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities Latin Template:Wikt-lang, belly, stomach, womb ventrodorsal
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the ventricles; any hollow region inside an organ Latin Template:Wikt-lang, the ventricles of the heart, the ventricles of the brain cardiac ventriculography, atrioventricular node
Template:Nowrap turning Latin Template:Wikt-lang anteversion, retroversion
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the bladder Latin Template:Wikt-lang, bladder, blister vesical arteries
Template:Nowrap of or pertaining to the internal organs, the viscera Latin Template:Wikt-lang (pl. Template:Lang), internal organ(s) viscera

X–Z

Affix Meaning Origin language and etymology Example(s)
Template:Nowrap having a yellow color, especially an abnormally yellow color Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), yellow xanthopathy

xanthelasma

Template:Nowrap foreign, different Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), foreign, stranger xenograft
Template:Nowrap dry, desert-like Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), dry xerostomia, xeroderma
Template:Nowrap sword Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), sword xiphisternum, xiphoid, xiphoidalgia
Template:Nowrap condition or process of Latin Template:Wikt-lang, from Greek Template:Wikt-lang, Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), suffixes used to form abstract nouns surgery
Template:Nowrap boil Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), to boil, seethe, bubble eczema
Template:Nowrap animal, animal life Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl) zoology
Template:Nowrap fermentation Greek Template:Wikt-lang (Template:Grc-transl), leaven, yeast enzyme, lysozyme

English meanings

This section contains lists of different root classification (e.g. body components, quantity, description, etc.). Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given.

Roots of the body

Roots of bodily concepts

Bodily concept Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root in English
digestion -pepsia
disease -pathy
eating -phagia -vory

Body parts and substances

Body part or component Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root in English
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang abdomin-
Template:Nowrap aort-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang arm-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang axill-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang dors-
Template:Nowrap allic-, hallic-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang vesic-
Template:Nowrap haemat-, hemat- (Template:Wikt-lang, hem-) sangui-, sanguin-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang
Template:Nowrap angi- vas-, vascul-
Template:Nowrap somat-, Template:Wikt-lang corpor-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang ossi-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang medull-
Template:Nowrap encephal- cerebr-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang mamm-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang pector-
Template:Nowrap parei- bucc-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang aur(i)-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap oo- ov-
Template:Nowrap ophthalm(o)- ocul(o)- optic(o)- (French)
Template:Nowrap blephar(o)- cili-, palpebr-
Template:Nowrap prosop(o)- faci(o)-
Template:Nowrap salping(o)-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap lip(o)- adip-
Template:Nowrap dactyl(o)- digit-
Template:Nowrap front(o)-
Template:Nowrap cholecyst(o)- fell-
Template:Nowrap, sexually undifferentiated gon(o)-, phall(o)-
Template:Nowrap aden(o)-
Template:Nowrap penis or clitoridis balan(o)-
Template:Nowrap gingiv-
Template:Nowrap trich(o)- capill-
Template:Nowrap cheir(o)-, chir(o)- manu-
Template:Nowrap cephal(o)- capit(o)-
Template:Nowrap cardi(o)- cordi-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap cox-
Template:Nowrap cerat(o)- cornu-
Template:Nowrap enter(o)-
Template:Nowrap gnath(o)-
Template:Nowrap nephr(o)- ren-
Template:Nowrap gon- genu-
Template:Nowrap cheil(o)-, chil(o)- labi(o)-
Template:Nowrap hepat(o)-, (hepatic-) jecor-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap episi(o)- pudend-
Template:Nowrap pneumon- pulmon(i)-, (pulmo-)
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap myel(o)- medull-
Template:Nowrap psych- ment-
Template:Nowrap stomat(o)- or-
Template:Nowrap my(o)-
Template:Nowrap onych(o)- ungui-
Template:Nowrap omphal(o)- umbilic-
Template:Nowrap trachel(o)- cervic-
Template:Nowrap neur(o)- nerv-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap thele- papill-, mammill-
Template:Nowrap rhin(o)- nas-
Template:Nowrap oophor(o)- ovari(o)-
Template:Nowrap pyel(o)- pelv(i)-
Template:Nowrap pe(o)-
Template:Nowrap cor-, core-, coro-
Template:Nowrap pleur(o)- cost(o)-
Template:Nowrap thorac(i)-, thorac(o)-
Template:Nowrap om(o)- Template:Not a typo(o)-
Template:Nowrap sinus-
Template:Nowrap dermat(o)-, (derm-) cut-, cuticul-
Template:Nowrap crani(o)-
Template:Nowrap gastr(o)- ventr(o)-
Template:Nowrap orchi(o)-, orchid(o)-
Template:Nowrap (upper throat cavity) pharyng(o)-
Template:Nowrap (lower throat cavity/voice box) laryng(o)-
Template:Nowrap pollic-
Template:Nowrap odont(o)- dent(i)-
Template:Nowrap gloss-, glott- lingu(a)-
Template:Nowrap dactyl(o)- digit-
Template:Nowrap cel-, onc(o)- tum-
Template:Nowrap ureter(o)- ureter(o)-
Template:Nowrap urethr(o)-, urethr(a)- urethr(o)-, urethr(a)-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap ur(o)- urin(o)-
Template:Nowrap salping(o)- salping(o)-
Template:Nowrap hyster(o)-, metr(o)- uter(o)-
Template:Nowrap colp(o)- vagin-
Template:Nowrap phleb(o)- ven-
Template:Nowrap episi(o)- vulv-
Template:Nowrap hyster(o)-, metr(o)- uter(o)-
Template:Nowrap carp(o)- carp(o)-

Roots of color

Color Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root in English
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang atr-, nigr-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang cerule-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang aur-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang can-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang vir-
Template:Nowrap porphyr- purpur-, purpureo-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang, rhod- rub-, rubr-, ruf-
Template:Nowrap cirrh-
Template:Nowrap argent-
Template:Nowrap leuc-, leuk- alb-, cand-
Template:Nowrap Template:Wikt-lang flav- jaun- (French)

Roots of description

Description Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root in English
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap cac-, dys- mal- mis-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap ankyl- prav-
Template:Nowrap mega-, megal(o)- magn(i)-
Template:Nowrap megist- maxim-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap eury- lat(i)-
Template:Nowrap cry(o)- frig(i)-
Template:Nowrap necr(o)- mort-
Template:Nowrap is(o)- equ(i)-
Template:Nowrap pseud(o)- fals(i)-
Template:Nowrap tachy- celer-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap thely-
Template:Nowrap platy- plan(i)-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap eu- ben(e)-, bon(i)-
Template:Nowrap mega-, megal(o)- magn(i)-
Template:Nowrap scler(o)- dur(i)-
Template:Nowrap bar(o)- grav(i)-
Template:Nowrap coel(o)- cav(i)-
Template:Nowrap megal(o)- magn(i)-
Template:Nowrap poikil(o)
Template:Nowrap mega- magn(i)-
Template:Nowrap megist- maxim-
Template:Nowrap macr(o)- long(i)-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap arseno- vir-
Template:Nowrap sten(o)- angust(i)-
Template:Nowrap ne(o)- nov(i)-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap orth(o)- rect(i)-
Template:Nowrap paleo- veter-
Template:Nowrap oxy- ac-
Template:Nowrap brachy- brev(i)-
Template:Nowrap micr(o)- parv(i)- (rare)
Template:Nowrap minim-
Template:Nowrap brady- tard(i)-
Template:Nowrap malac(o)- moll(i)-
Template:Nowrap orth(o)- rect(i)-
Template:Nowrap pachy- crass(i)-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap poikilo- vari-

Roots of position

Description Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root in English
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap peri- circum-
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap endo- intra-
Template:Nowrap levo- laev-, sinistr-
Template:Nowrap meso-, mes- medi-
Template:Nowrap dexi- dex-, dextr-, dextro-

Prefixes of quantity or amount

Description Greek root in English Latin root in English Other root in English
Template:Nowrap diplo- dupli-
Template:Nowrap iso- equi-
Template:Nowrap oligo- pauci-
Template:Nowrap hemi- semi- demi- (French)
Template:Nowrap, Template:Nowrap poly- multi-
Template:Nowrap dis- bis-

See also






Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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