Marcus Aurelius  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

"Centrally, Marius dedicates much time, and Walter Pater much space, to examining the Meditations and character of Marcus Aurelius, who was warmly admired in the 19th century by the likes of Niebuhr, Matthew Arnold, Renan and George Long."--Sholem Stein

Related e



Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (often referred to as "the wise"; April 26, 121March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death in 180. He was the last of the "Five Good Emperors", and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers.

His tenure was marked by wars in Asia against a revitalized Parthian Empire, and with Germanic tribes along the Limes Germanicus into Gaul and across the Danube. A revolt in the East, led by Avidius Cassius who previously fought alongside Lucius Verus against the Parthians, failed.

Marcus Aurelius' work Meditations, written in Greek while on campaign between 170 and 180, is still revered as a literary monument to a government of service and duty and has been praised for its "exquisite accent and its infinite tenderness." (John Stuart Mill in his Utility of Religion, compared Meditations to the Sermon on the Mount.)

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Marcus Aurelius" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools