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"Calligraphy and cacography respectively mean good and bad writing. It is therefore pleonastic to speak of excellent calligraphy or wretched cacography; and to describe the former as wretched would simply be to say that at the same time it was both excellent and the reverse."--A Desk-Book of Errors in English (1906) by Frank Horace Vizetelly

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Pleonasm is the use of more words (or even word-parts) than necessary to express an idea clearly. The word comes originally from Greek ("excess"). A closely related, narrower concept (some would say a subset of pleonasm) is rhetorical tautology, in which essentially the same thing is said more than once in different words (e.g. "repeat again" in lieu of "say again"). Regardless, both are a form of redundancy. Pleonasm and tautology each refer to different forms of redundancy in speech and the written word.

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