From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
Vesuvius in Eruption (1817-20) by William Turner
Vesuvius in Eruption (1817-20) by William Turner

"Classical archaeology the excavation and analysis of ancient Greek and Roman sites was born on Wednesday, October 22, 1738. It was on that day, a Wednesday, that an engineer in the army of the Bourbon royal family in Naples, named Roque Joaquín de Alcubierre (1702-1780), had himself lowered by ropes, down a great square well shaft, cut through volcanic material that had formed on the great volcano."--Sholem Stein

"At length, in 1748, in the reign of Charles III, the first Bourbon king of Naples, a Spanish colonel of engineers, named Don Rocco Alcubierre, was employed to examine the subterranean canal before mentioned; and having heard from the inhabitants of Torre Annunziata that the remains of a house, with ancient statues and other objects, had been discovered at a distance of about two miles, he was led to conjecture that some ancient city lay buried there, overwhelmed by the great eruption of Vesuvius in 79. The discovery of Herculaneum early in the 18th century had now drawn the attention of the learned and scientific world to this subject. Colonel Alcubierre obtained permission to undertake some excavations at the spot where the ruined house had been discovered, and early in April, 1748, he commenced his researches, in the street afterwards called the Strada della Fortuna."--Pompeii, its History, Buildings and Antiquities (1867) by Thomas Henry Dyer

Tomb of Pompeii (1766) by Jean-Baptiste Tierce
Tomb of Pompeii (1766) by Jean-Baptiste Tierce

Related e



Pompeii was an ancient city in what is now the comune of Pompei, near Naples in Italy. Along with Herculaneum, Stabiae, and many surrounding villas, the city was buried under 4 to 6 m of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

The city was lost for 1,600 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1748. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Pompeii" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools