From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"No society can surely be flourishing and happy, of which the far greater part of the members are poor and miserable." --The Wealth of Nations
Poverty is general scarcity or dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education. Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live.
After the industrial revolution, mass production in factories made production goods increasingly less expensive and more accessible. Of more importance is the modernization of agriculture, such as fertilizers, to provide enough yield to feed the population.
Poverty reduction is a major goal and issue for many international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank.
- The Bottom Billion
- On the Poverty of Student Life
- The End of Poverty
- Poverty Row
- Starving artist
- Social documentary photography