Richard Payne Knight  

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Richard Payne Knight (15 February 1750 – 23 April 1824) was a classicist, antiquarian and mythographer best known for his theories of picturesque beauty (An Analytical Inquiry into the Principles of Taste) and for his interest in ancient phallic imagery (The Worship of Priapus).

Biography

He was born at Wormesley Grange, five miles north west of Hereford in Herefordshire, UK, was the son of Rev. Thomas Knight (1697-1764) and nephew and heir of Richard Knight (1693-1765) of Croft Castle. They were two of the sons of Richard Knight, a wealthy Ironmaster of Bringewood Ironworks. He was educated at home, but toured Italy and the European continent from 1767 for several years. He was a collector of ancient bronzes and coins, a Member of Parliament from 1780 to 1806, and an author of numerous books and articles on ancient sculpture, coins and other artefacts. As a member of the Society of Dilettanti, Knight was widely considered to be an arbiter of taste. He bequeathed his collection of bronzes, coins, engraved gems, marbles, and drawings to the British Museum.

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69 (sex position), Adoration of the Shepherds (Mantegna), Alexander Day (artist), Anti-Jacobin, Arduinna, Augustus Wollaston Franks, Benedetto Pistrucci, Benjamin Haydon, Bringewood Ironworks, Brinsop and Wormsley, British Museum, Burrington, Herefordshire, Cameo (carving), Capability Brown, Capheaton Treasure, Caubiac Treasure, Charlotte Knight, Christopher Hussey (historian), Croft Castle, Decimus Burton, Discobolus, Downton Castle, Dusios, Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis, Edward Herbert, 2nd Earl of Powis, Elgin Marbles, Elizabeth Gwillim (bird artist), English landscape garden, Engraved gem, Foxley, Herefordshire, Frances Stackhouse Acton, Frederick Cornewall (1752–1783), Frederick Knight (politician), Garden writing, George Hayter, George Witt (collector), History of gardening, Humphry Repton, James Christie the Younger, James Forlong, John Bacon Sawrey Morritt, John Bateman, 2nd Viscount Bateman, John Hunter (British politician), John Knight (Exmoor pioneer), John Matthews (physician), John Nash (architect), John Rushout, 2nd Baron Northwick, John Samuel Agar, Knight (surname), Knight v Knight, Leominster (UK Parliament constituency), Libro de' Disegni, List of British architects, Mâcon Treasure, Mary Symonds, Michel Fourmont, Pan (god), Paramythia Hoard, Phallic saint, Picturesque, Piercefield House, Priapus, Rejected Addresses, Richard Porson, Richard Westall, River Teme, Robert Knight (MP, born 1768), Sheela na gig, Sir Uvedale Price, 1st Baronet, Society of Dilettanti, St Mary's Church, Wormsley, St. Alban's Tavern group, Stanage Park, The Raising of Lazarus (Sebastiano del Piombo), The Standard Bearer (Rembrandt, 1636), Thomas Andrew Knight, Thomas Hearne (artist), Thomas Johnes, Thomas Wright (antiquarian), William Gilpin (priest), William Owen (painter), William Rouse-Boughton


Bibliography




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