Richard von Krafft-Ebing
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"Psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902) played a key role in the construction of the modern concept of sexuality. As the author of the famous Psychopathia Sexualis, he named and classified virtually all nonprocreative sexualities, synthesizing knowledge on sadism, masochism, fetishism, homosexuality, and exhibitionism. His influence on the study of sexuality cannot be overstated, but it is often misunderstood. In the wake of Michel Foucault's influential sexual histories, Krafft-Ebing is often maligned as a contributor to the repressed Victorian construction of sexual deviancy."--Stepchildren of Nature (2000) by Harry Oosterhuis
Krafft-Ebing who was born in Mannheim in Baden, Germany, studied medicine at the University of Heidelberg where he specialized in psychiatry, and later practiced in psychiatric asylums. After leaving his work in the asylums, he pursued a career in psychiatry, forensics, and hypnosis.