Science and the Bible  

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The various books of the Hebrew Bible contain descriptions of the physical world. These descriptions are important for developing a history of science during the Iron Age Levant.

The school of thought known as Panbabylonianism took the Hebrew Bible as entirely derived from the culture and mythology of Babylonia as it stood during the 6th century BCE, during the Babylonian captivity. Current mainstream does allow for the possibility that some elements, particularly of the Torah, are independent of Babylonian influence, dating perhaps as early as the 9th or 10th century BCE, but the significant influence of Babylonian mythology and Babylonian cosmology on the worldview presented in the Tanakh is still beyond doubt.

The Christian New Testament is a product of the Roman era and reflects the worldview of that epoch in some instances, e.g. in references to astrology or demonic possession.

See also

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