The Rolling Stones
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"Sympathy for the Devil" (1968) by The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962 who were in the vanguard of the British Invasion of bands that became popular in the US from 1964–65 and an integral part of the counterculture of the 1960s. The Rolling Stones were also instrumental in making blues a major part of rock and roll, and of changing the international focus of blues culture to the more primitive blues typified by John Lee Hooker and by Chess Records artists such as Muddy Waters, writer of "Rollin' Stone", the song after which the band is named. American music critic Robert Palmer said the Rolling Stones' "remarkable endurance" stems from being "rooted in traditional verities, in rhythm-and-blues and soul music" while "more ephemeral pop fashions have come and gone".
The first settled line-up had Brian Jones on guitar and harmonica, Ian Stewart on piano, Mick Jagger on lead vocals and harmonica, Keith Richards on guitar and backing vocals, Bill Wyman on bass and Charlie Watts on drums. Jones left the band about a month prior to his death in 1969, and was replaced by Mick Taylor, who was replaced by Ronnie Wood in 1975. Since Wyman's departure in 1993, bassist Darryl Jones has been a collaborator rather than an actual band member.
They were considered to be symbols of rebellious youth in their mid-1960s heyday, and were portrayed as the "Anti-Beatles". During this time they scored a string of hit singles, many reaching the top of the international charts, particularly in the UK and US. They received a great deal of backlash upon the release of Their Satanic Majesties Request (1967), created as a reaction to The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Into the late 1960s and early 1970s the band released the studio albums Beggars Banquet (1968), Let It Bleed (1969), Sticky Fingers (1971) and Exile on Main St. (1972). This string of four albums is considered to be the band's "Golden Age", and generally regarded as their finest work. After a period of criticism during the mid-1970s, they revived their commercial fortunes and popular appeal with 1978's Some Girls, their best-selling studio album. Since this time through band friction and solo projects, they have released material less frequently, but have remained commercially popular and continue to embark on highly successful worldwide tours.
The Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989, and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004. Rolling Stone magazine ranked them fourth on the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" list and their estimated album sales are above 200 million. They have released twenty-four studio albums, eleven live albums and numerous compilations. Sticky Fingers (1971) was their first of eight consecutive number one studio albums in the United States. In 2008 the Rolling Stones ranked 10th on the "Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists" chart. In 2012, they celebrated their 50th Anniversary with the release of new Greatest Hits album GRRR! featuring two new singles, including chart hit "Doom and Gloom". In 2013, along with Arctic Monkeys and Mumford & Sons, they headlined Glastonbury.
- The Rolling Stones (1964, UK) / England's Newest Hit Makers (1964, US)
- The Rolling Stones No. 2 (1965, UK) / 12 X 5 (1964, US)
- The Rolling Stones, Now! (1965, US)
- Out of Our Heads (1965, UK) / Out of Our Heads (1965, US)
- December's Children (And Everybody's) (1965, US)
- Aftermath (1966, UK) / Aftermath (1966, US)
- Between the Buttons (1967, UK) / Between the Buttons (1967, US)
- Their Satanic Majesties Request (1967)
- Beggars Banquet (1968)
- Let It Bleed (1969)
- Sticky Fingers (1971)
- Exile on Main St. (1972)
- Goats Head Soup (1973)
- It's Only Rock 'n Roll (1974)
- Black and Blue (1976)
- Some Girls (1978)
- Emotional Rescue (1980)
- Tattoo You (1981)
- Undercover (1983)
- Dirty Work (1986)
- Steel Wheels (1989)
- Voodoo Lounge (1994)
- Bridges to Babylon (1997)
- A Bigger Bang (2005)