Joseph Bédier  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Related e

Google
Wikipedia
Wiktionary
Wiki Commons
Wikiquote
Wikisource
YouTube
Shop


Featured:
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Enlarge
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Joseph Bédier (1 January 1864 – 29 August 1938) was a French writer and scholar and historian of medieval France.

Biography

Bédier was born in Paris, France to Adolphe Bédier, a lawyer of Breton origin, and spent his childhood in Réunion. He was a professor of medieval French literature at the Université de Fribourg, Switzerland (1889-1891) and the Collège de France, Paris (c. 1893).

Modern theories of the fabliaux and the chansons de geste are based on two of Bédier's studies.

Bédier revived interest in several important old French texts, including Le roman de Tristan et Iseut (1900), La chanson de Roland (1921), and Les fabliaux (1893). He was a member of the Académie française from 1920 until his death.

His Tristan et Iseut was translated into Cornish by A. S. D. Smith and into English by Hilaire Belloc and Paul Rosenfeld.

Bédier was also joint editor of the two-volume Litérature Française, one of the most valuable modern general histories of French literature.

Bédier died in Le Grand-Serre, France

Military diaries

Bédier used diaries (Kriegstagebücher) of German soldiers of different ranks in World War I military rank as a source for various articles dealing with what he describes as atrocities inflicted upon Belgian civilians and French soldiers. Some of these diaries had been kept for military reasons: in order to provide daily accounts of troop movements, orders, engagements, losses etc. Others were private diaries. From them Bédier connected together accounts of thirty-six incidents of what he saw as sexual and sadistic crimes by the German soldiers.

Works

  • Le lai de l’ombre (1890)
  • Le fabliau de Richeut (1891)
  • Les fabliaux, études de littérature populaire et d’histoire littéraire du Moyen Âge (1893)
  • De Nicolao Museto (gallice Colin Muset), francogallico carminum scriptore (1893)
  • Le roman de Tristan et Iseut (1900)
  • Le roman de Tristan par Thomas (2 vol., 1902-1905)
  • Études critiques (1903)
  • Les deux poèmes de la folie Tristan (1907)
  • Légendes épiques, recherches sur la formation des chansons de geste (1908-1913)
  • Les chansons de croisade (1909)
  • Les chansons de Colin Muset (1912)
  • Les crimes allemands d’après les témoignages allemands (1915)
  • Comment l’Allemagne essaie de justifier ses crimes? (1915)
  • Joseph Bédier and Paul Hazard: Histoire de la littérature francaise. 2 Vol. (1923/24)
  • L’effort français (1919)
  • La chanson de Roland (critical edition, 1920)
  • La chanson de Roland (after the Oxford manuscript, 1922)
  • Commentaires sur la chanson de Roland (1927)





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Joseph Bédier" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools