Music of Poland  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Music of Poland covers the diverse aspects of music and musical traditions that have originated in Poland. Artists from Poland, include famous classical composers like Frédéric Chopin, Witold Lutosławski, Krzysztof Penderecki, Karol Szymanowski or Henryk Górecki, world-renowned pianists like Arthur Rubinstein, Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Krystian Zimerman as well as the traditional, regionalised folk musicians that create a rich and lively music scene, which has developed over the course of history a variety of music genres and folk dances such as mazurka, polonaise, krakowiak, polska, oberek and poezja śpiewana (sung poetry).

Polish music also contains influences of other music genres represented by many critically acclaimed artists, including popular music (Margaret, Maria Peszek, Myslovitz, Edyta Bartosiewicz, Doda); jazz music (Tomasz Stańko, Krzysztof Komeda, Włodek Pawlik, Adam Makowicz, Leszek Możdżer, Michał Urbaniak); death and black metal music (Behemoth, Vader, Decapitated); as well as film and contemporary classical music (Wojciech Kilar, Jan A.P. Kaczmarek, Zbigniew Preisner, Krzesimir Dębski and Krzysztof Meyer).

Contemporary popular music

Poland has always been a very open country to new music genres and even before the fall of the communism, music styles like rock, metal, jazz, electronic, and New Wave were well-known. Since 1989, the Polish scene has exploded with new talents and a more diverse style. Contrary to most European countries, pop music is not dominant in Poland.

Every year, a huge gathering of young Poles meet to celebrate the rock and alternative music in Jarocin or Żary. These events often attract more than 250,000 people and are comparable to the gatherings in Woodstock and Roskilde.

Poland has a very active underground extreme metal music scene. Some of the bands that have heralded and helped the cause are Vader, Behemoth, Yattering, Decapitated, Graveland, Baphomets Throne, and Dissenter. This has paved ground for a large underground movement. One of the biggest record labels of death metal in Poland is Empire Records.

In jazz music, polish musicians created a specific style, which was most famous in 60s and 70s. Most famous polish jazz artists are: Krzysztof Komeda, Adam Makowicz, Tomasz Stańko, Michał Urbaniak.

Two contemporary big Polish music festivals are Opole Festival and Sopot Festival.

Contemporary classical music

Between the wars, a group of composers formed the Association of Young Polish Musicians; these included Grażyna Bacewicz, Zygmunt Mycielski, Michał Spisak and Tadeusz Szeligowski.

Following World War II, some composers, such as Roman Palester and Andrzej Panufnik, fled the country and remained in the exile. In the early 1960s, however, a number of composers known as the Polish Composers' School arose, characterized by the use of sonorism and dodecaphonism. The style emerged out of the political crisis in 1956, following Stalin's death; that same year saw the Warsaw Autumn music festival inaugurated, from whence came additional popularity for the Polish Composers' School.Template:Fact Composers included Tadeusz Baird, Boguslaw Schaeffer, Włodzimierz Kotoński, Witold Szalonek, Krzysztof Penderecki, Witold Lutosławski, Wojciech Kilar, Kazimierz Serocki and Henryk Mikołaj Górecki.

More modern composers include Krzysztof Meyer, Paweł Szymański, Krzesimir Dębski, Hanna Kulenty, Eugeniusz Knapik and Paweł Mykietyn.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Music of Poland" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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