Christian views on the Old Covenant
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Mosaic covenant or Law of Moses – which Christians generally call the "Old Covenant" (in contrast to the New Covenant) – has played an important role in the shaping of Christianity and has occasioned serious dispute and controversy since the beginnings of Christianity: note for example Jesus' critique of the Law during his Sermon on the Mount, the circumcision controversy in early Christianity, and the incident at Antioch which has led scholars to dispute the relationship between Paul the Apostle and Judaism.
Rabbinic Judaism asserts that Moses presented the Jewish religious laws to the Jewish people and that those laws do not apply to gentiles (including Christians), with the exception of the Seven Laws of Noah, which (it teaches) apply to all people.
Many Christians believe that only parts are applicable, others believe that none apply, dual-covenant theologians believe that the Old Covenant remains valid only for Jews, and a minority have the view that all parts still apply to believers in Jesus and in the New Covenant.
- Abrogation of Old Covenant laws
- Hebrew Bible, Old Testament, Tanakh
- Pentateuch/ Torah, 613 Mitzvot
- Religious law
- Ten Commandments
- Sermon on the Mount, Expounding of the Law, The Law of Christ
- Law and Gospel, Free Grace theology
- Covenant (biblical), New Covenant, New Testament
- Messianic Judaism, Christian Torah-submission
- Sabbath in Christianity, Circumcision in the Bible
- Legalism (theology)
- Canon law
- People of God