From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"Before whom, on her own knees fall’n, the knees of Jupiter Her left hand held, her right his chin, and thus she did prefer Her son’s petition: “Father Jove! If ever I have stood Aidful to thee in word or work, with this imploréd good, Requite my aid, renown my son."--Iliad (8th century BC) by Homer
"It may be questioned whether any of these [mock-heroic] parodies were intended to possess humour; but wherever we find such as have any traces of it, we may conclude that the imitation has been adopted to increase it. This does not necessarily amount to travesty, for the object is not always to throw contempt on the original. Thus, we cannot suppose "The Battle of the Frogs and Mice," or "The Banquet of Matron," although written in imitation of the heroic poetry of Homer, was intended to make "The Iliad" appear ridiculous."--History of English Humour (1878) by Alfred Guy Kingan L'Estrange
--Batrachomyomachia by anon.
--La Légende des siècles by Victor Hugo
In ancient Greek, 'epic' could refer to all poetry in dactylic hexameter (epea), which included not only Homer but also the wisdom poetry of Hesiod, the utterances of the Delphic oracle, and the strange theological verses attributed to Orpheus. Later tradition, however, has restricted the term 'epic' to heroic epic.
The epic is a broadly defined genre of poetry, which retells in a continuous narrative the life and works of a heroic or mythological person or group of persons. In the West, the Iliad, Odyssey and the Nibelungenlied; and in the East, the Mahabharata, Ramayana, and the Shahnama are often cited as examples of the epic genre.
- Arabic epic literature
- Calliope (Greek muse of epic poetry)
- Caribbean epic poetry
- Chanson de geste
- Epic fiction
- History painting
- Mock epic
- Narrative poetry
- National epic
- National poet