Ernest Hemingway  

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Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. Nicknamed "Papa," he was part of the 1920s expatriate community in Paris known as "the Lost Generation," as described in his memoir A Moveable Feast. He led a turbulent social life, was married four times, and allegedly had various romantic relationships during his lifetime. For a serious writer, he achieved a rare cult-like popularity during his lifetime.


Hemingway's distinctive writing style is characterized by economy and understatement and had a significant influence on the development of twentieth-century fiction writing. His protagonists are typically stoic males who must show "grace under pressure." Many of his works are now considered canonical in American literature.


Towards the end of his life he received electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression and continued paranoia, this may in fact have helped to precipitate his suicide, since he reportedly suffered significant memory loss as a result of the shock treatments.




Anthologies - edited by Hemingway


Stage Plays

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Ernest Hemingway" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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