Extreme cinema  

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Extreme cinema is a genre of films distinguished by its use of excessive sex and graphic violence, mutilation and torture.

The rising popularity of Asian films (Ring, 1998 and Battle Royale, 2000) in the 21st century has contributed to the growth of extreme cinema, although extreme cinema is still considered to be a horror film-based genre.

The history of extreme cinema can be traced to the earliest days of cinema ("Electrocuting an Elephant", 1903), to pre-Code crime films, to video nasties, to mondo film such as Faces of Death (1978).

But also to art films such as Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom (1975) and exploitation films such as driver's ed films.

The genre has Grand Guignol as its theatrical antecedent.



Extreme cinema is highly criticized and debated by film critics and the general public. There have been debates over the hypersexualization that makes these films a threat to the ‘mainstream’ community standards.

There has also been criticism over the increasing use of violence in modern-day films. Ever since the emergence of slasher-gore films in the 1970s, the rising popularity of extreme cinema has contributed to the casual violence in popular media.

Classification and guidelines

The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) classifies extreme cinema films into an "R18" rating, which is defined as “special and legally restricted classification primarily for explicit works of consenting sex or strong fetish material involving adults.”

Notable films

Notable directors

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Extreme cinema" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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