Maxime Du Camp  

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"Paris, tel qu'il était au lendemain de la révolution de 1848, allait devenir inhabitable ; sa population, singulièrement accrue et remuée par le mouvement incessant des chemins de fer, dont le rayon s'étendait chaque jour davantage et se reliait aux voies ferrées des nations voisines, sa population étouffait dans les ruelles putrides, étroites, enchevêtrées où elle était forcément parquée."--Paris, ses organes, ses fonctions, sa vie dans la seconde moitié du XIX siècle (1869-1875) by Maxime Du Camp

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Maxime Du Camp (1822 – 1894) was a French writer and photographer, travel companion of Gustave Flaubert.


Born in Paris, Du Camp was the son of a successful surgeon. After finishing college, he indulged in his strong desire for travel, thanks to his father's assets. Du Camp traveled in Europe and the East between 1844 and 1845, and again between 1849 and 1851 in company with Gustave Flaubert. After his return, Du Camp wrote about his traveling experiences. Flaubert also wrote about his experiences with Maxime.

In 1851, Du Camp became a founder of the Revue de Paris (suppressed in 1858), and a frequent contributor to the Revue des deux mondes. In 1853, he became an officer of the Legion of Honour. Serving as a volunteer with Garibaldi in his 1860 conquest of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Du Camp recounted his experiences in Expédition des deux Siciles (1861). In 1870 he was nominated for the senate, but his election was frustrated by the downfall of the Empire. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1880, mainly, it is said, on account of his history of the Commune, published under the title of Les Convulsions de Paris (1878–1880).

Du Camp was an early amateur photographer who learned the craft from Gustave Le Gray shortly prior to departing on his 1849-1859 trip to Egypt. His travel books were among the first to be illustrated with photographs.

Maxime Du Camp died in 1894 and was buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre in the Montmartre Quarter of Paris.


  • Chants modernes (1855)
  • Convictions (1858)

Works on travel:

Works of art criticism:

  • Les Salons de 1857, 1859, 1861


  • L'Homme au bracelet d'or (1862)
  • Une histoire d'amour (1889)

Literary studies:

Du Camp authored a valuable book on the daily life of Paris, Paris, ses organes, ses fonctions, sa vie dans la seconde moitié du XIX siècle (1869–1875). He published several works on social questions, one of which, the Auteurs de mon temps, was to be kept sealed in the Bibliothèque Nationale until 1910. His Souvenirs littéraires (2 vols., 1882–1883) contain much information about contemporary writers, especially Gustave Flaubert, of whom Du Camp was an early and intimate friend.

See also

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