From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Protection is any measure taken to guard a thing against damage caused by outside forces. Protection can be provided to physical objects, including organisms, to systems, and to intangible things like civil and political rights. Although the mechanisms for providing protection vary widely, the basic meaning of the term remains the same. This is illustrated by an explanation found in a manual on electrical wiring:
- "The meaning of the word 'protection', as used in the electrical industry, is no different to that in everyday use. People protect themselves against personal or financial loss by means of insurance and from injury or discomfort by the use of protective clothing. They further protect their property by the installation of security measures such as locks and/or alarms systems."
Some kind of protection is a characteristic of all life, as living things have evolved at least some protective mechanisms to counter damaging environmental phenomena, such as ultraviolet light.
Protection of ecological systems
- Environmental protection, the practice of protecting the natural environment
Protection of social systems
- Consumer protection, laws governing sales and credit practices involving the public.
- Protectionism, an economic policy of protecting a country's market from competitors.
- Protection of rights, with respect to civil and political rights.
- Data protection through information privacy measures.
- Intellectual property protection.