From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
"The Dalai Lama is the highest religious leader of Tibetan Buddhism and, until the Peoples Republic of China instituted direct control in 1959, was Tibet's most powerful political leader."--Sholem Stein
- A plateau region in Central Asia, where the Tibetan people traditionally live, encompassing what is now Tibet Autonomous Region (also called Xizang), most of Qinghai, the western half of Sichuan, a small part of Yunnan and a small part of Gansu in the People's Republic of China, and also the country of Bhutan, and the Indian regions of Sikkim and Ladakh.
- A independent kingdom formerly existed in Central Asia where Tibet Autonomous region is.
- A common shorthand name for Tibet Autonomous Region, previously mostly coterminous with the independent portion of Tibet until 1950.